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Applied_Aerodynamics of Wind Power Machines

Applied_Aerodynamics of Wind Power Machines

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Published by Jerry Alexander
Aerodynamic of wind power machines
Aerodynamic of wind power machines

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Published by: Jerry Alexander on Mar 17, 2013
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1T)825
W5
APPLIED
AERODYNAMICSOF
i
WIND POWER
MACHINES
Robert E. Wilson
and Peter B. S. Lissaman
Supported-by the National Science Foundation,Research Applied to National Needs (RANN)
Oregon
Under Grant No. G!-41840
State
University
MAY 1974
nil
 
APPLIED AERODYNAMICS
OF
WIND POWER MACHINES
by
Robert E. Wilson
Oregon State University
Corvallis, Oregon 97331
and
Peter B. S. Lissaman
Aerovironment, Inc.
Pasadena, California
July, 1974
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
page
CHAPTER 1, INTRODUCTION .........................................
1
Role of Aerodynamics in Wind Power .........................
2
Cross-Wind-Axis Machines ...................................
3
Savonius Rotor ........................................
3
Madaras Rotor .........................................
4
Darrieus Rotor ........................................
5
Wind-Axis Machines ..........................................
6
Ducted Rotor ..........................................
6
Smith-Putnam Design ...................................
7
Circulation-Controlled Rotor ..........................
8
CHAPTER 2,
TRANSLATING WIND POWER MACHINES .....................
11
Drag Translators ...........................................
11
Lifting Translators ........................................
12
CHAPTER 3,
WIND AXIS ROTORS; GENERAL MOMENTUM THEORY ...........
17
Rankine-Froude Theory ......................................
17
Effect of Wake Rotation ....................................
20
Simple Model of Multiple Flow States .......................
25
Ducted Actuators ...........................................
34
CHAPTER 4,_WIND AXIS ROTORS; VORTEX/STRIP THEORY ................
39
Vortex Representation of the Wake ..........................
39
Annulus Flow Equations .....................................
44
Tip Loss Models ............................................
49
The Optimum Rotor; Glauert .................................
54
Vortex Theory ..............................................
59
CHAPTER 5,
CROSS-WIND AXIS MACHINES ............................
61
Vortex Modeling of the Wake ................................
61
Darrieus Rotor .............................................
64
The Circular Rotor .........................................
69
CHAPTER 6,
FORCES AND MOMENTS DUE TO VERTICAL WIND GRADIENT ....
71
Introduction ...............................................
71
The Effects of Vertical Wind Gradient ......................
72
Approximate Relations ......................................
78
REFERENCES ......................................................
83
SYMBOLS .........................................................
85

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