ovember 9th is a verymeaningful date for German
history, from the proclamaon
of the Weimar Republic in1918 to the Kristallnacht in1938, when synagogues wereburned and more than 1,300Jews were killed. Therefore,
it is sll surprising that this
date, which is full of joy andsadness in German history, isthe date in which the BerlinWall fell.Germany was divided into
four secons correspondingto the Allied Powers aer
World War II (Great Britain,France, United States of America and the SovietUnion). Berlin as the seat of the Allied Control Councilwas divided as well among
these naons. Two yearsaer shared management of
the country, divisions arosebetween the Soviet Unionand the rest of the powers.
Aer massive immigraons
from Eastern Germans toWest along with many otherfactors, the decision to build
the wall was taken. It was unl
August 12, 1961 that WalterUlbricht (General Secretary
of the Central Commiee
of the Socialist Unity Partyand Chairman of the Councilof State of the German
Democrac Republic) signed
the closing of the border andthe building of a wall.During the existence of the wall, there were 5,000successful escapes andabout 200 deaths. PresidentsKennedy and Reagan wereespecially known for lobbyingto the cause of the tearingup of the wall. However, the
separaon connued creanga lot of dierences culturally
and economically speaking.
Such dierences are sll felt
in modern Germany, were lifestandards are higher in whatused to be Western Germanythan that of Eastern Germany.
The sudden creaon of thewall split families, cut o East
Berliners that worked in the
West and caused an isolaon
feeling in Western Germans.
Aer years of repression,
Germans began to protest as
a part of the Pacic Revoluon
of 1989. They expressed their
will by channg “We wantout!” and “We are staying
here!” By November 4th, 1989the protests had increasedin such a way that therewere gathered half a millionpeople at the Alexnaderplatz
demonstraon in East
Berlin. On November 9th,the borders were openedand that date is seen as thedate in which the border fell.The following days peopleappeared with hammers todestroy the wall, they were
known as “wall-peckers”.Nowadays, some seconsof the wall have been le to
remind the people that suchthing should not be repeatedever again.
Te Berlin Wall
Celebraon of the 20th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall, Belin.