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PC Repair & Troubleshooting Course Manual

PC Repair & Troubleshooting Course Manual

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Published by Jed Tedor
If you like this document and you want to thank me please register here: http://www.income-web.biz?a_aid=4bd59700c7413 This is not a scam. I just want to earn money through online ads. Just click the link and register there IF you want to help me. Thanks.

This document is the basic for PC troubleshooting.. It is not updated. Sorry. But this is a good reference for back-up reading..
If you like this document and you want to thank me please register here: http://www.income-web.biz?a_aid=4bd59700c7413 This is not a scam. I just want to earn money through online ads. Just click the link and register there IF you want to help me. Thanks.

This document is the basic for PC troubleshooting.. It is not updated. Sorry. But this is a good reference for back-up reading..

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Published by: Jed Tedor on Mar 08, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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07/27/2014

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 A typical PC contains the following hardware:Case Power Supply MotherboardCPU Memory Hard Disk Floppy Disk CD-ROM Video Adapter Sound Card Modem MouseKeyboard Monitor . There are many other possible hardware components, such as aDVD, CD-RW, Zip drive or network card. There are also manysubcomponents of a PC, such as the cooling fan, printer port or reset switch to name a few. This article focuses on the basic PChardware. The hardware in the list above is nearly universal to a basic PC.While a PC is built up from hardware components, the hardwareis only half of the equation. The other vital part of a PC is thesoftware. Without software, the hardware is useless; and viceversa.The fundamental software for a PC is called an "operatingsystem". Without an operating system or "OS", a PC can't domuch. The operating system tells the components of a PC whatto do and when to do it. Windows, MAC OS, Linux and Unixare all examples of operating systems.
 
C H A P T E R 
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In This Chapter 
 Who Should Readthis BookHow this Book isOrganizedOf Special Note for the eBookConventions Used inthis Book
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The Parts of a Personal ComputerThe Case
The case is the box that houses the PC. All of the hardware, except for the peripherals, is housed inside the case. Thereare two common styles of cases: "desktop" and "tower." The desktop case usually sits under the monitor and is roughlythe size of two or three shoe boxes side by side. The tower case stands upright on one end and is usually placed on thefloor. Tower cases can be the same size as a desktop case but often range up much larger. Another, less common, casestyle is the "rack mount" case which slides in and out of an equipment rack.
The Power Supply
Where the power cord connects to the back of the PC is the power supply. The power supply converts AC current fromthe wall outlet to the appropriate DC voltages for the various components of the computer.The power supply has a fan built into it to keep itself and the PC cool. Most PC's have at least one additional coolingfan, often mounted directly on the CPU. The power supply or its internal fan can wear out. Fortunately, the entire unitis easily replaced.
The Motherboard
The motherboard is the largest and most fundamental component of a PC. Every other hardware component issomehow attached to the motherboard. The motherboard is the common link for every component to communicate andwork together.
 
 The motherboard has a series of slots, sockets and connectors for connecting the various components of a PC. Thememory, accessory cards, and CPU are installed directly onto the motherboard in most cases. The drives and peripherals communicate with the motherboard through wired connections.It is becoming increasingly common for motherboards to integrate features that used to require separate accessorycards. Most motherboards integrate drive controllers and communication ports; and with greater frequency theyintegrate sound, video and network features as well.There are a wide range of motherboards to choose from. They differ in features, speed, capacity and the CPUsupported. They also differ in size, shape and layout, this is commonly referred to as the "form factor".
The CPU
The CPU, which stands for Central Processing Unit, is the brain of the PC. It is often referred to as the "processor" or "chip". The CPU directs, coordinates and communicates with the hardware components and performs all of the"thinking". What a CPU actually does is perform mathematical calculations. It is the software that people write thattranslates those calculations into useful functions for us.The speed of the CPU, generally speaking, is the number of calculations it can perform in one second. It is morecomplicated than that, but it is a reasonable way to think of the speed. A 500 MHz (megahertz) CPU performs about500,000,000 mathematical calculations per second.As the speed of new CPUs increase, the difference is becoming less obvious to computer users. A CPU that is twice asfast as another one will not result in a PC running twice as fast. The CPU has to wait for other, slower components andfor the user too. The CPU spends a lot of time sitting idle, waiting for something to do.CPUs have something called a "cache" or memory cache. The memory cache is where information is stored that theCPU is likely to need soon. This memory is in addition to the normal memory installed in a PC. The difference is thatthe cache is built right onto the CPU (and/or very near the CPU), and it is much faster than conventional memory.Cache memory was developed to reduce the time the CPU had to wait while information was retrieved from thestandard memory.

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