Centre of Management of Science & Technology
MT5002 Management of Industrial R&D
2dimensions of a product or service. Discontinuous innovation falls outside of existingmarkets or market segments, and when successful extends and redefines the market, exposingnew possibilities. Discontinuous innovation affects both the consumers and producers greatly.It introduces products and value propositions that change prevailing consumer habits andbehaviors in a major way. The market created undermines the competences andcomplementary assets on which existing competitors have built their success. Discontinuousinnovation can be further divided into
gives a summary of the conditions when discontinuous innovation falls intoone of the previously mentioned two categories.Seen as a hobbyist-approach to OS development, firms such as
and majorUnix-OS developers such as
, did not see Linux OS as a threat in the early1990s. Today, apart from BSD, Linux OS has the ability to support almost any CPU and italso supports most devices in the market. A comparison of the performance of various OSdone by
shows that performance and cost edge Linux has overthe competing OS. As seen in the worldwide OS paid licenses market share chart from
 and the unit market distribution chart by
Exhibit 3 and 4
respectively, Linux OS has experienced tremendous growth in the marketshare for both personal desktops and servers OS. These are indications that Linux OS isdeemed as a disruptive innovation.
shows the point of the disruption cycle whichLinux OS is currently at.
History of Linux Development
This section gives a brief history of the initial development of the Linux-based operatingsystems. In 1983,
started the GNU Project to create an open-source