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SDM5002 - Bus Transport in Singapore Report

SDM5002 - Bus Transport in Singapore Report

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Published by lastsplash
This project utilises the SSM to study the Singapore Bus Transport System.
This project utilises the SSM to study the Singapore Bus Transport System.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: lastsplash on Mar 08, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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11/12/2010

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SDM 5002 SYSTEMS ENGINEERING
BUS TRANSPORT IN SINGAPORE
TEAM MEMBERSCHONG KHAI SIN HT072850HGOH SIONG TECK HT072853RHOSSAM EL SHENAWY HT072894RLIM CHING WU, LESLIE HT063039YLIM CHUN PENG, ALVIN HT063324YTAN SUNG CHYN HT062932E
 
Division of Engineering & Technology Management
SDM5002 System Engineering
2
CONTENTS
 1.
 
INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................3
 
Soft Systems Methodology...........................................................................3
 
Singapore Bus System..................................................................................3
 
2.
 
SOFT SYSTEMS METHODOLOGY PROCESS STEPS.................................5
 
3.
 
APPLYING SSM TO THE SINGAPORE BUS SYSTEM CASE......................7
 
Descriptive Scenario Questions...................................................................7
 
Normative scenario questions......................................................................8
 
Root Definition Statement #1:.....................................................................12
 
Conceptual Model based on Root Definition #1........................................12
 
Comparison between conceptual model #1 and real situation................13
 
Root Definition Statement #2......................................................................13
 
Comparison between conceptual model #2 and real situation................15
 
4.
 
LESSONS LEARNED & TEAM DYNAMICS.................................................18
 
5.
 
CONCLUSION...............................................................................................20
 
REFERENCES...................................................................................................21
 
 
Division of Engineering & Technology Management
SDM5002 System Engineering
3
1. INTRODUCTION
SOFT SYSTEMS METHODOLOGY
Peter Checkland at Lancaster University developed Soft SystemsMethodology (SSM) in the 1960s. The methodology was developed toaddress difficulties in solving complex, dynamic and multi perspective socialproblems using traditional ‘hard’ systems engineering principles such asOperations Research (OR).SSM is a participative process of enquiry that stimulates thinking about thereal word situation. Through the enquiry process, the method formulates a‘root definition’, which describes what the system should do in an ideal view. Aroot definition is developed on the basis of a certain world-view. There can bemultiple world-views, which will yield multiple root definitions.Subsequently, an idealized conceptual model is built based on the rootdefinition. The conceptual model incorporates all the activities that arenecessary to fulfill the requirements of the root definition. This conceptualmodel is then compared to the perceived reality with the aim of highlightingkey differences between the systems where changes can be made forimprovements.
SINGAPORE BUS SYSTEM
The bus system in Singapore provides a means of public travel for themasses with over two million rides taken daily. There are two main operatorsin this system, SBS Transit and SMRT Corporation. The two operators servedesignated areas of operation, and plan the bus routes based on commercialconsiderations, subject to minimum service obligations. Bus routes can bebroadly categorized into Trunk (routes that ply between towns) and Feeder(Operating within neighborhoods).As reported in the 2008 Land Transport Review study, key criticisms of thesystem include long waiting time, erratic bus arrivals, circuitous feeders andovercrowding. This has led to a situation where out of more than 250 busservices; only 35% are run at intervals of 10 minutes or less.The recent transport initiative addresses primarily on vehicle congestion, roadpricing and public transport service standards. There will be a road expansionprogram with plans to improve expressways (CTE/TPE), building roads forfuture and upgrading of road interchanges. Given our limited land space, theroad network expansion will reduce over the next 15 years. As a result, it isplanned to reduce vehicle growth rate from 3% to 1.5% and the increase intravel demand must be met largely by public transport. The effectiveness ofcongestion /road pricing system will be enhanced by refining themeasurement of traffic speeds and revision of the ERP rate structure. Effortsare also planned to manage congestion in city area.

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