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ICE Lecture 3

# ICE Lecture 3

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teknik mesin pada mata kuliah pilihan
teknik mesin pada mata kuliah pilihan

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01/10/2014

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Ir. TRI TJAHJONO, MT/INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
OTTO CYCLE
The Otto cycle is the theoretical cycle for the spark-ignition (SI) engine0-1 suction stroke1-2 compressed isentropically 2-3 heat is added at constant volume3-4 isentropic expansion4-1 the heat is rejected
Consider 1 kg of air
.Heat addedduring process 2-3 = c
v
(T
3
- T
2
)Heat rejectedduring process 4-1 = c
v
(T
4
– T
1
)
Work done =heat added– heat rejected = c
v
(T
4
– T
2
) – c
v
(T
4
– T
1
)Thermal efficiency,suppliedheatdonework η
=
Or
( )
)TT(c )TT(cTTc
23v14v23v
=
η
)TT( )TT( 1
2314
=
Nowcompression ratio
21
vv
=Expansion ratio
vv
34
=
For ideal gas
RT pv
=
and.ttancons pv
=
γ
These equations yield
14313412112
TTvvvvTT
==      =      =
γ  γ  γ
21

Ir. TRI TJAHJONO, MT/INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
1γ121γ43
TT and TT
==
Hence, substituting
( )
( )
111414111414
11TTTT1TT TT1
===
γ  γ  γ  γ
η
The efficiency can also be expressed in terms of temperaturesT
3
andT
4
. Now, since

4321
vvvv
=
, it follows that
41324312
TTTTor TTTT
==
4132
TTTT
=
and hence,
4143234132
TTTTTTor TT1TT1
==
Therefore,
342314
TTTTTT
=
Hence, substituting, in (a) we get
2134
TT1TT1
==
η
Otto cycle efficiency at different compression ratios and γ
Helium (γ = 1.66) monoatomic gasArgon (γ = 1.97) monoatomic gas22
-
1

Ir. TRI TJAHJONO, MT/INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE
Mean effective pressure (
mep
) of Otto cycle
Let clearance volume be unity, i.e, V
2
= V
3
= 1, and V
1
– V
4
= r and
α
=
23
p p Now
4312
p p p p
==
γ
α
==
1423
p p p p
Work done = area of the p-v diagram1v pv p 1v pv p
11224433
=
γ  γ
            =
1 p p p1 p p p11
121434
γ
( ) ( )
[ ]
1 p1 p 1
1114
=
γ  γ
γ
( )
( )
141
p p1 1
=
γ
γ
( )( )
1 p p1 p
141
=
γ  α
Length of the diagram1
=
23