© 2005 John CollinsThis work was originally published 2004 by Pro BUSINESS GmbH in Berlin.Pro BUSINESS holds the copyright for the printed version which can be citedas follows:Collins, John. 2004. "African Musical Symbolism in Contemporary Perspec-tive." Berlin: Pro Business (ISBN 3-938262-15-X)The electronic version of this work is provided to the reader under the CreativeCommons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 License, extended bythe Scientific African Share Literature Provision (see below). To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0. The workis protected by copyright law. Any use of the work other than as authorizedunder this license or copyright law is prohibited.The URL of the work is: http://www.scientific-african.org/publications/rrr/.You are free to copy, distribute, or display the electronic version of this work,or to make derivative works under the following conditions:1. You must give the original author credit (attribution).2. You may not use this work for commercial purposes (noncommercial).3. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the result-ing work only under a license identical to this one (share alike).For any reuse or distribution, you must make clear to others the license termsof this work and include the Share Literature Provision below. Any of theseconditions can be waived if you get permission from the copyright holder.Your fair use and other rights are in no way affected by the above. Fair usewith due reference made to the source and the originator includes the "use byreproduction as copies or audio records or by any other means, for purposessuch as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple cop-ies for classroom use), scholarship, or research" (US Copyright Law Title 17Section 107).Scientific African Share Literature ProvisionThe online version of this work is Share Literature. The Share X concept al-lows free downloading or distribution of digital material but users/readers areasked to pay for the material later. On this basis Scientific African e.V. re-quests the reader to pay the equivalent of
directly to the author or topurchase the printed version from the author. Order and payment instructionscan be found on the website above.