6400 Printable Sudoku Puzzles With Solutions
), also known as
, is a logic-based placementpuzzle. The aim of the puzzle is to enter a numerical digit from 1 through 9 in eachcell of a 9×9 grid made up of 3×3 subgrids (called "regions"), starting with variousdigits given in some cells (the "givens"); each row, column, and region must containonly one instance of each numeral. Completing the puzzle requires patience and logicalability.Euler is frequently cited as the source of the puzzle, but examples of Latin Squareswere engraved in ancient architecture as numerological talismans. Euler made nochanges to their rules. Arabic numerologists had already compiled an exhaustive listof order 3 through order 9 Greco-Latin Squares in the Jabirean Corpus by 990 AD.The modern puzzle
was invented in Indianapolis in 1979 by Howard Garns. Garnscontributed his puzzles to Dell Magazines, which published them under the moniker"
". Interest in Sudoku surged from a revival in Japan in 1986, when puzzlepublisher Nikoli discovered the game in older Dell publications, and republished theformat leading to widespread international popularity in 2005.
The name "
" is the Japanese abbreviation of a longer phrase, "
Suuji wa dokushin ni kagiru
), meaning "the digits must remain single". It is a trademark of puzzle publisher NikoliCo. Ltd. in Japan. In Japanese, the word is pronounced [s
]; in English, it is usually spokenwith an Anglicised pronunciation, [s
] (BrE) [s
] (AmE) or ['su
ku] (BrE) ['su
ku](AmE) (See IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) or IPA chart for English for notation usage.) Other Japanese publishers refer to the puzzle as
, the original U.S. title, or as "Nampure" forshort. Some non-Japanese publishers spell the title as "Su Doku".The numerals in
puzzles are used for convenience; arithmetic relationships betweennumerals are irrelevant. Any set of distinct symbols will do; letters, shapes, or colours may be usedwithout altering the rules. In fact, ESPN published Sudoku puzzles substituting the positions on abaseball field for the numbers 1-9. Dell Magazines, the puzzle's originator, has been using numeralsfor
in its magazines since they first published it in 1979.The attraction of the puzzle is that the rules are simple, yet the line of reasoning required to solve