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TOEFL Cbt - Book

TOEFL Cbt - Book



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Published by thaqrhys

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Published by: thaqrhys on Mar 09, 2009
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by Michael A. Pyle
IDG Books Worldwide, Inc.An International Data Group CompanyFoster City, CA
Chicago, IL
Indianapolis, IN
New York, NY
Published by
IDG Books Worldwide,Inc.
An International Data Group Company919 E. Hillsdale Blvd. Suite 400Foster City, CA94404
(IDG Books Worldwide Web Site)
(CliffsNotes Web Site)Copyright ©2001 IDG Books Worldwide, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this book, including interior design, cover design, and icons, may be reproduced ortransmitted in any form, by any means (electronic, photocopying, recording, or otherwise) without the prior written permission of the publisher.Library of Congress Control Number: 00-106743ISBN: 0-7645-8609-2Printed in the United States of America10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 11B/RY/RQ/QQ/INDistributed in the United States by IDG Books Worldwide, Inc.Distributed by CDG Books Canada Inc. for Canada; by Transworld Publishers Limited in the United Kingdom; by IDG Norge Books for Norway; by IDG SwedenBooks for Sweden; by IDG Books Australia Publishing Corporation Pty. Ltd. for Australia and New Zealand; by TransQuest Publishers Pte Ltd. for Singapore,Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, and Hong Kong; by Gotop Information Inc. for Taiwan; by ICG Muse, Inc. for Japan; by Intersoft for South Africa; by EyrollesforFrance; by International Thomson Publishing for Germany, Austria and Switzerland; by Distribuidora Cuspide for Argentina; by LR International for Brazil;byGalileo Libros for Chile; by Ediciones ZETAS.C.R. Ltda. for Peru; by WS Computer Publishing Corporation, Inc., for the Philippines; by Contemporanea deEdiciones for Venezuela; by Express Computer Distributors for the Caribbean and West Indies; by Micronesia Media Distributor, Inc. for Micronesia; by ChipsComputadoras S.A. de C.V. for Mexico; by Editorial Norma de Panama S.A. for Panama; by American Bookshops for Finland.For general information on IDG Books Worldwide’s books in the U.S., please call our Consumer Customer Service department at 800-762-2974. For resellerinformation, including discounts and premium sales, please call our Reseller Customer Service department at 800-434-3422.For information on where to purchase IDG Books Worldwide’s books outside the U.S., please contact our International Sales department at 317-572-3993 or fax317-572-4002.For consumer information on foreign language translations, please contact our Customer Service department at 1-800-434-3422, fax 317-572-4002, or e-mailrights@idgbooks.com.For information on licensing foreign or domestic rights, please phone +1-650-653-7098.For sales inquiries and special prices for bulk quantities, please contact our Order Services department at 800-434-3422 or write to the address above.For information on using IDG Books Worldwide’s books in the classroom or for ordering examination copies, please contact our Educational Sales department at800-434-2086 or fax 317-572-4005.For press review copies, author interviews, or other publicity information, please contact our Public Relations department at 650-653-7000 or fax 650-653-7500.For authorization to photocopy items for corporate, personal, or educational use, please contact Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA01923, or fax 978-750-4470.LIMIT OF LIABILITY/DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY: THE PUBLISHER AND AUTHOR HAVE USED THEIR BESTEFFORTS IN PREPARING THISBOOK. THE PUBLISHER AND AUTHOR MAKE NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES WITH RESPECTTO THE ACCURACYOR COMPLETE-NESS OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS BOOK AND SPECIFICALLYDISCLAIM ANYIMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITYOR FITNESSFOR APARTICULAR PURPOSE. THERE ARE NO WARRANTIES WHICH EXTEND BEYOND THE DESCRIPTIONS CONTAINED IN THIS PARA-GRAPH. NO WARRANTYMAYBE CREATED OR EXTENDED BYSALES REPRESENTATIVES OR WRITTEN SALES MATERIALS. THE ACCURACYAND COMPLETENESS OF THE INFORMATION PROVIDED HEREIN AND THE OPINIONS STATED HEREIN ARE NOTGUARANTEED OR WAR-RANTED TO PRODUCE ANYPARTICULAR RESULTS, AND THE ADVICE AND STRATEGIES CONTAINED HEREIN MAYNOTBE SUITABLE FOREVERYINDIVIDUAL. NEITHER THE PUBLISHER NOR AUTHOR SHALLBE LIABLE FOR ANYLOSS OF PROFITOR ANYOTHER COMMERCIALDAMAGES, INCLUDING BUTNOTLIMITED TO SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR OTHER DAMAGES.NOTE: THIS BOOK IS INTENDED TO OFFER GENERALINFORMATION ON THE TOEFLCBT. THE AUTHOR AND PUBLISHER ARE NOTENGAGEDIN RENDERING LEGAL, TAX, ACCOUNTING, INVESTMENT, REALESTATE, OR SIMILAR PROFESSIONALSERVICES. ALTHOUGH LEGAL, TAX,ACCOUNTING, INVESTMENT, REALESTATE, AND SIMILAR ISSUES ADDRESSED BYTHIS BOOK HAVE BEEN CHECKED WITH SOURCES BE-LIEVED TO BE RELIABLE, SOME MATERIALMAYBE AFFECTED BYCHANGES IN THE LAWS AND/OR INTERPRETATION OF LAWS SINCE THEMANUSCRIPTIN THIS BOOK WAS COMPLETED. THEREFORE, THE ACCURACYAND COMPLETENESS OF THE INFORMATION PROVIDEDHEREIN AND THE OPINIONS THATHAVE BEEN GENERATED ARE NOTGUARANTEED OR WARRANTED TO PRODUCE PARTICULAR RESULTS,AND THE STRATEGIES OUTLINED IN THIS BOOK MAYNOTBE SUITABLE FOR EVERYINDIVIDUAL. IF LEGAL, ACCOUNTING, TAX, INVEST-MENT, REALESTATE, OR OTHER EXPERTADVICE IS NEEDED OR APPROPRIATE, THE READER IS STRONGLYENCOURAGED TO OBTAIN THESERVICES OF APROFESSIONALEXPERT.
TOEFLis a registered trademark of Educational Testing Service. Cliffs, CliffsTestPrep, CliffsNote-a-Day, CliffsNotes, and all related logos andtrade dress are registered trademarks or trademarks of IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., in the United States and other countries. All other trademarks are the propertyof their respective owners. IDG Books Worldwide is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.is a registered trademark under exclusive licenseto IDG Books Worldwide, Inc., fromInternational Data Group, Inc.
 About the Author
Michael A. Pyle earned a bachelor’s degree in English in 1977 anda master’s degree in Linguistics in 1979. He has been involved inthe field of English as a Second Language since he began work onhis master’s degree in 1977. The original TOEFLtest preparationbook that he co-authored was created while Mike was teaching atthe University of Florida’s English Language Institute and Santa FeCommunity College in Gainesville, Florida in 1982. He also wroteCliffs Advanced Practice for the TOEFLin 1992. Although Mikeno longer actively teaches for any institution, he periodically makespresentations to individual classes at Daytona Beach CommunityCollege and Embry Riddle Aeronautical University in DaytonaBeach, Florida. He is a member of Teachers of English to Speakersof Other Languages (TESOL) and regularly attends its annualmeetings. He has made presentations on teaching techniques relatedto TOEFLat TESOLannual meetings from time to time.
 PublisherÕs Acknowledgments E
Project Editor:
Joan Friedman
Copy Editor:
Billie A. Williams
Editorial Assistant:
Alison Jefferson
Special Help:
Constance Carlisle, audio CD producer; ripple FX,audio CD engineering; Voice Scouts, audio CD talent; BrianTalbot, Becky Wilmes, and Chuck Campbell, audio CD narration
Arielle Carole MennelleIDG Books Indianapolis Production Departmen
If you purchased this book without a cover,you should be aware that this book is stolen prop-erty. It was reported as “unsold and destroyed” to thepublisher, and neither the author nor the publisherhas received any payment for this “stripped book.”

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