This is the final deliverable for the STOA project RFID & Identity Management, which wascarried out by the Dutch Rathenau Institute as part of the European Technology AssessmentGroup (ETAG), the STOA framework contractor’s network of scientific institutes. Thepurpose of this deliverable is to provide insight into real life experiences with RadioFrequency Identification (RFID), draw a future scenario, and formulate challenges for thisrapidly emerging technology.The empirical base of this project consists of 24 case studies on a variety of RFID systems.These case studies were performed by a team of researchers at the Rathenau Institute:Christian van ‘t Hof, Jessica Cornelissen, Sil Wijma, Eefje Vromans and Elisabetta El-Karymi. Methodological issues on these case studies are described in Deliverable 2 of thisproject (October 2006).The empirical findings were discussed during three sessions. First at an expert meeting of Dutch experts: Bart Schermer (chairman of the RFID Platform Nederland), Henk JaapHoepman (researcher at the Radboud University Nijmegen), Koen Dupont(Consumentenbond). Second at a European Expert Meeting with Chandrika Nath (POST,UK), Christian Wernberg-Tougaard (Unysis, Denmark), Carsten Orwat (Institute forTechnology Assessment and Systems Analysis, Germany), Robby Deboelpaep (FlemishParliament). These expert meetings were organized and chaired by Christian van ‘t Hof,Rinie van Est and Eefje Vromans. Finally, the findings were discussed during a workshop atthe European Parliament, organized by Theodoros Karapiperis of the STOA Secretariat andchaired by a Member of the European Parliament, Jorgo Chatzimerkakis.This report was written by Christian van ‘t Hof of the Rathenau Institute, the Netherlandswith help from Rinie van Est and Eefje Vromans during its conceptualization and reviewedby Chandrika Nath from POST, UK and Theodoros Karapiperis of the STOA Secretariat.