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ETHNOLOGICAL MAP : EUROPEAN TURKEY AND GREECE

ETHNOLOGICAL MAP : EUROPEAN TURKEY AND GREECE

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Published by Artan
ETHNOLOGICAL MAP : EUROPEAN TURKEY AND GREECE
ETHNOLOGICAL MAP : EUROPEAN TURKEY AND GREECE

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Published by: Artan on Mar 18, 2013
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09/07/2013

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182024ficfeyar'V^[1^Duiu>*cxr'Seps'I~V]?owzafYaln&(T-faP(i"te.~^««&>fiiifnititnlat,l),,h,nlr"^r^y&fstwJJ/bl/THJ7"1VXTjV\Ftkutp ^iSJWofa'Sftv^^^vt*3-rhLsnp^ \\BT0jwtK^ 3| \ „^«aLitS^^^ugp^*TAj\\-\w*-vibes \<"^W-'iiW^siS^J^»fr#ttv'-^KStoss's,i-JBo,/ISi<7»to:KT1/^\vv,7s°tU*-^litre,-Tirgsor»fRtfestiSy..,« <>ar.»i•lelovmfc^2^Vrlacheni._?~!Slobodzicpva^_—-._.. _ ^«^22!2?.«4a^^^K:*$%#@$}*!^'*\ ^w»>.''V'TirAffc' wFaliaTcknblerB^iru^i-n'"&J\O%tUT7l«W*"<P^^^«,^,t//fe«'(]CAj.„f,*»<•,;„„„,,%f<°V&^twa'7V.c44!^—~^'^"l^/B^«'J>^^^7>^J'biobniM.Kagusa*Tf*iH}iqvitzaiy^/-"H^T/inHi-1 Srerrakm^7'Jrji-Wr^*"_"Etrobo]=»'»"1 A '(",blt!Vtiui*(inUpLSte/jioBarb,-PohmAID)K3A^SM>rwpoUJbla&m&K.vrulikT^\^Paros~fi.£oSmih«>l(»/7iK/Ja.(e7toJ.oSS^i<«.'7 '/'h]i-,ihJ3<jchaObi*h'ttliJ.FOF"trAKAIRF^aj1/mqKT^ \C.EeDhah\„\'SALOBTKAfe^Cossaixa>C.¥a.-tt'°rColomaead)nCORFLT\lj\y3/a7V7i?«.vXM\fl/OTt!UA°K1^-latamoTia.fCaniya/^^//jJntipacfe-s<^U7S^0'iriaiU'ZflnAArfliSantailaura,THhaca:'.XVsatrasiXanteUukopl^huTn-,Iitmit/tma(juJfoi*ArcadiaJ ttinOFEUROPEANTURKEYANDGREECEPREPAREDTTANFORD'SEOGRAPHICALSTABLISHMENT.GargdUwmvjvjravSapimzaitCahr&xio|Cox-oil\^.^".ir;^n-^^[Matpan36tt-ScaleofEnjpi&h.miles.204060 80100GreeksAXbanixuisAnchulingTatuiirecl/acesdentified/yiesofXangiutc/e*raditions-batiJiptoU,*'^Huu.mr>U(„,„/ichjvmastvw^^^^n^v\JimGiarosermia^Jiaos/MoTieim$tairaldoCilaleaSerpho^pSipkantoITaiissq,Cerig-o^jK^foPo^cant110•y.Jocames^-^'*!L-—-^^J&7*ie©c^v^...x^^0.--—"/"""~"*""*""*C.Spad*^^ 1^rnT A^-StondicSpTanmiCX-no'SsJma.KLFRAjj^lMat'alaKmipheE Ai»618E. Gv.2022Stanfur&secg.stah*55,haringross,Lcmcbm,W.
 
'
,.
'•
,'·:
INTRODUCTORY REMARKS
TO
THE
ETHNOLOGICAL
MAP
OF
EUROPEAN
TURKEY
AND
GREECE
I.-:-
RACES.
THE
different nations
and
races .inhabiting European
Turkey
and
the
·western portion
of
Asia
Minor-namely,
the
Ron~
manians,
the
Serbs,
the
Bulgarians,
the
Albanians (subdividedinto Ghegs
and
Toshks),
the
Greco-Wallachs,
the
Greeks,
the
Turks,
the
Jews,
the
Gypsies,
the
Armenians,
the
Tartars,
the
Circassians-are
all more
or
less
marked
by
a confusing diversityof origin, language, national character, political condition, socialstatus, intellectual development,
and
religions persuasion.
Under
this
last
distribution alone
there
are
to be
distinguishedJYiohammedans, Orthodox Christians, Roman Catholics, Gregorian Armenians, ·oniates, Israelites,
and
Pagans;
and,
with
the
exception of
the
last
two, none of these religions
can
well
be
said to
be
peculiar to any one race
or
to prevail exclu·sively
in
any province. Again, language alone is, in
many
cases,
an
equally misleading
and
unreliable
index
to
race;
for,as
it
will
be
shown
further
on, divers
influence~
have,
inthe
course of political. vicissitudes, enforced
the
adoption of
an
alien idiom, now exclusively,
and·
now partially,
in
territorieswhere
the
customs,
the
traditions,
the
religion
and
the
sympathies of
the
people still
point to
the
retention of its original nationality.
Under
these circumstances,
it
would prove
an
abortive,
not
to
say
an
impossible,
undertaking to
establish
in
a graphicrepresentation
the
distribution
and intermixture
of race, lan.guage,
and
creed
in Turkey;
and
consequently,
the
object of apractically useful ethnological map of these regions
mustbeto
explain
and
represent
the
·actual relations
in
which those
1
 
2
nations
stand toward
one another,
in their
true
propot·tions;
keeping
in
view ·always
the larger
indigenous masses
1
which
are
established
in
consecutive
extents of
country and
which,
notwithstanding
superficial diversities, constitute a materially
s~lid
body;
the
lesser
nationalities-which,being
of
alienorigin, are, so
to
say,
bespriukledamongst
the
indigenous
inhabitants and, forming
but
a very small
proportion
the
whole population,
are of
necessity destined, whatever remodel-
ling
European
Turkey
may
undergo,
to
be
politically absorbed.
by
thepredominant
elements, although socially
they
might
retain their
national
individuality-these
nationalities can figureonly
in
a statistical statement. Such
are
the
Armenians,
the
Jews,
the
Gypsies,
the
Tartars,
and the
Circassians.
The
ARMENIANS
have £rom a
remote
period, following
upon
the
Turkish
conquest,
immigrated
in
considerable
numbers into
Eastern
Europe, where
some
of them
form
permanent
commu-nities
and
some reside temporarily, retm•ning
to
their
Asiatichomes a£ter securing a competence. Therefore
their
nationalaspirations are
not
directed towards
any
European
province ;
and
their
local constitution is
regulated
by
the
two religioussects
into
which
they
are
divided.
the
JEws,
those
who
haveimmigrated
£rom
Poland
are
settled
in
the
Daunbian Principalities,
and,
forming numerically
strong
communities,
speak
a German
jargon
with
an
admixture
of
Polish
and Hebrew
words.
In
therest
TurkeytheJews
settled
on
their
expulsion
from Spain
by
the
rigours of
the
inquisition
and
the
edict
of Ferdinand
and
Isabella
promul
gated in
March, 1492.
Their
own dialect is a
corrupt
Spanish
idiom;
but
they
correspond
in
Hebrew,
and
also
speak
the
language
of
the
majority where
they
reside. .
The
GYPSIES
or
Tchinghwnehs*
are to
be
metwith
in
Turkeyunder the
same roaming condition
li£e as
in
other
parts
Europe.
The
TARTARS
have
immigrated
into Roumelia mainlya£ter
the
Russian conquest
of the
Crimea,
and
after
the
war
1854. Finally
the
CIRCASSIANS,
whose mode
of
life has
been
so conspicuously exemplified
by recent
events, were
imported
into
European
Turkey
from
the
Caucasus, when, on
the
reduc-
*
Etudes sur
les
Tchingltianes
ou
BoMm(ens
de
l'Empi1•e Ottoman,
par Alex.
G.
Paspati. Constantinople, 1870.
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