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9781847559715-00301

9781847559715-00301

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Published by: jubatus.libro on Mar 18, 2013
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03/18/2013

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Subject Index
Abatement options, 140Above-ground biomass, 209, 215Advancing gasifier system, 108Afforestation,
 
203
 – 
204,
 
206,
 
209,
 
213
 – 
214,216–217, 220, 222–224, 228, 230, 233Air capture, 28–31, 33–34devices, 28-sea exchange, 241, 260Albedo shield, 15Algal blooms, 269–270, 273Alternative Energy Sources, 1American Clean Energy and SecurityAct, 52–54, 59Aquifier contamination, 106, 123Arablesoils, 187, 189systems, 186Arcticmarine environment, 285Ocean, 285–287, 292methane, 286river plumes, 287sea-ice, 257Asia Pacific Partnership on CleanDevelopment and Climate, 68, 70Atmospheric carbon dioxideconcentration, 10AustralianCoal Association, 74storage projects, 86Bending zone, 113Benthicinvertebrates, 266systems, 265Big energy resources, 23Biochar, 195–197, 200 production, 196–197Biodiversity, 266BioenergyInfrastructure Scheme, 213scenarios, 211Biogenic calcium carbonate, 256Biologicalcarbon pumps, 253 pump, 240, 251, 255, 269, 274Biomass, 16, 21–22, 25, 233 production, 233Black carbon, 195–196coal, 72–74utilisation, 74shales, 168British Cement Association, 127,
 
132
 – 
133Brown coal, 26, 72, 82, 85Budget for carbon dioxide emissions, 11Bunter Sandstone, 159, 171Buoyancy trapping, 159, 164Calcifying organisms, 262Callide oxy-fuel project, 83Capand trade, 47, 50, 52, 68scheme, 47, 50, 52system, 225rock, 158, 160, 162–163, 172
   D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   b  y   U   N   I   V   E   R   S   I   D   A   D   D   E   C   H   I   L   E  o  n   0   5   N  o  v  e  m   b  e  r   2   0   1   2   P  u   b   l   i  s   h  e   d  o  n   2   2   D  e  c  e  m   b  e  r   2   0   0   9  o  n   h   t   t  p  :   /   /  p  u   b  s .  r  s  c .  o  r  g   |   d  o   i  :   1   0 .   1   0   3   9   /   9   7   8   1   8   4   7   5   5   9   7   1   5  -   0   0   3   0   1
 
302
 
Subject Index
 Capping rock, 114Carbonaccumulation, 184Capture and Storage Directive, 145capture ready, 45cycle, 179–180, 183exchange, 207fixation, 244flux, 229leakages, 225markets, 221neutral, 56neutrality, 32–33offset credits, 225offsets, 206, 233Pollution Reduction Scheme, 68 pools, 181, 206–208and fluxes, 181sequestration,
 
192,
 
204,
 
206,
 
211,
 
214
 – 
215, 219, 222–223, 230–231,234in forests, 223Leadership Forum, 68, 70 potential, 192, 214rates, 206, 219strategy, 230sink, 211, 221, 226, 229sinks in wood products, 230storage, 8, 89, 218, 223in forests, 218 project, 89Taskforce, 72tax, 47, 50, 54, 56trading, 221Trust, 204uptake, 210, 214, 223–224, 227–228 benefits, 228costs, 223in trees, 214Carbonatecounter pump, 253, 255–256saturation state, 261system, 260Carbon-cycle engineering, 13Carbonic acid, 10, 179, 242Carboniferous limestone, 157Carbon-negative Class 3, 50Carbon-neutral energy, 19Carbon-offset services, 224Carbon-sequestrationrates, 233strategies, 191Caved zone, 113CCS budget, 118costs, 43in Australia, 65, 67incentives, 50retrofit, 57–58Cementfrom Clinker, 131kilns, 130manufacture, 129, 134, 138, 140 plantcosts, 142 performance, 144 production, 130Sustainability Initiative, 133Centre for Low Emission Technology, 78Charcoal, 188Chlorophyll, 246–247, 249Classes 1, 2 and 3 (carbon positive)CCS, 46, 50Class 3B CCS, 56Clathrate gun, 289, 295Clean CoalCouncil, 73Fund, 73Clean
 
Development
 
Mechanism,
 
220,
 
224Climate, 1, 2, 8, 12–13, 15, 18, 27,42, 46, 67, 112, 127–128, 132,148, 185, 212, 217, 226, 232Change, 1, 2, 8, 12–13, 15, 18, 27,46, 217Act 2008, 127, 132, 212 benefit, 46Levy in 2001, 127mitigation, 217, 226Programme, 212 policy, 232Clinker, 130–131, 138, 140CO
2
tax, 52
   D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   b  y   U   N   I   V   E   R   S   I   D   A   D   D   E   C   H   I   L   E  o  n   0   5   N  o  v  e  m   b  e  r   2   0   1   2   P  u   b   l   i  s   h  e   d  o  n   2   2   D  e  c  e  m   b  e  r   2   0   0   9  o  n   h   t   t  p  :   /   /  p  u   b  s .  r  s  c .  o  r  g   |   d  o   i  :   1   0 .   1   0   3   9   /   9   7   8   1   8   4   7   5   5   9   7   1   5  -   0   0   3   0   1
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Subject Index
 
303
 CoalBed Methane Recovery, 167estimates, 26gasification, 27, 78 plant, 81in
 
sustainable
 
development,
 
71,
 
74
 – 
75,
 
78India, 111reserves, 102, 105Cold-water corals, 268Commercialviability of CCS, 97-scaleCCS, 99storage sites, 98Committee on Climate Change, 132Common Agricultural Policy, 204CommonwealthOffshore Petroleum and GreenhouseGas Storage Act 2006, 92Scientific and ResearchOrganisation (CSIRO), 75Conference of the Parties, 128Controlledgasification of underground coal, 107retractable injection point, 104Coolimba Power Project, 82Cooperative Research Centre for Greenhouse Gas Technologies, 76Corals, 266, 268Corporate Commercial Strategy, 137Costof syngas, 106 penalty for CCS, 47for CCS, 42CSIRO, 75–76, 79, 85–86Cumulativecarbon uptake, 210CO
2
emissions, 46Death rates in coal mines, 106Decarbonisation, 33, 42, 45, 46–47, 59Decarbonising the transportationsector, 33Decomposition, 180, 182–185, 187–188rate, 184–185Deep saline aquifier, 72, 114Deforestation, 219–220, 229Deglaciation events, 289Denison Trough, 84Depleted oil and gas fields, 174Diagenesis, 156Dimethyl sulfide, 263, 269Directcapture of CO
2
from air, 28Connect Network, 148Directional drilling, 108–109, 122technology, 109Dissolvedinorganic carbon, 241organic material, 243Drainage, 187Earth Summit in Rio in 1992, 126Economic case for UCG, 105Ecosystem function, 266El Nino, 252–253, 259Southern Oscillation, 252Index, 259Emissionsallowances, 54 performance standards, 50, 52trading, 56, 59scheme, 50, 59Energycarriers, 15, 17consumption, 6demands, 5intensiveindustries, 132Users Group, 127sources, 15–16supply sector, 5uses, 15EnhancedCoal Bed Methane Recovery, 167Gas Recovery, 166hydrocarbon recovery, 165Oil Recovery, 46, 51, 89, 112, 137, 165shale-gas production, 168EnvironmentalImpactAssessment, 147, 172–173Directive, 147of energy, 7Liability Directive, 147Risk Assessment, 115
   D  o  w  n   l  o  a   d  e   d   b  y   U   N   I   V   E   R   S   I   D   A   D   D   E   C   H   I   L   E  o  n   0   5   N  o  v  e  m   b  e  r   2   0   1   2   P  u   b   l   i  s   h  e   d  o  n   2   2   D  e  c  e  m   b  e  r   2   0   0   9  o  n   h   t   t  p  :   /   /  p  u   b  s .  r  s  c .  o  r  g   |   d  o   i  :   1   0 .   1   0   3   9   /   9   7   8   1   8   4   7   5   5   9   7   1   5  -   0   0   3   0   1
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