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Withington, Gloucestershire

Withington, Gloucestershire

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
In August 2005 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ on the outskirts of the village of Withington in Gloucestershire, approximately 14km south east of Cheltenham (centred on NGR 403200 214900).
The evaluation concentrated on three areas of investigation: Site A (Manor Court Field), where a local archaeologist had recovered Romano-British finds from molehills; Site B, the Scheduled Ancient Monument of Withington Villa (SM GC200), a complex potentially dating from the 2nd - 4th centuries AD, first excavated in 1811; and Site C, an area between Sites A and B, the site of a spring and potential water management.
The project aimed to investigate the nature of the possible structures situated in Site A, and their relationship, if any, to the known villa complex to the west, while evaluation of the villa aimed to assess the nature of the surviving archaeology nearly 200 years after its 19th century discovery. It was hoped that the work within Site C would establish what type of water management was needed to tap a natural spring in order that it could be used as a well.
In August 2005 an archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ on the outskirts of the village of Withington in Gloucestershire, approximately 14km south east of Cheltenham (centred on NGR 403200 214900).
The evaluation concentrated on three areas of investigation: Site A (Manor Court Field), where a local archaeologist had recovered Romano-British finds from molehills; Site B, the Scheduled Ancient Monument of Withington Villa (SM GC200), a complex potentially dating from the 2nd - 4th centuries AD, first excavated in 1811; and Site C, an area between Sites A and B, the site of a spring and potential water management.
The project aimed to investigate the nature of the possible structures situated in Site A, and their relationship, if any, to the known villa complex to the west, while evaluation of the villa aimed to assess the nature of the surviving archaeology nearly 200 years after its 19th century discovery. It was hoped that the work within Site C would establish what type of water management was needed to tap a natural spring in order that it could be used as a well.

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Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Mar 09, 2009
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Wessex Archaeology 
Withington, Gloucestershire
 Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of the Results
May 2006 
Ref: 59468.01
 
Withington, Gloucestershire
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Prepared on behalf of 
Videotext Communications Ltd49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONSW1 8QP
By
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum Park SALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EBReport reference: 59468.01May 2006
© Wessex Archaeology Limited 2006, all rights reserved Wessex Archaeology Limited is a Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
i
Withington, Gloucestershire
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Contents
SummaryAcknowledgements
1INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................11.1Description of the Site................................................................................11.2Historical Background...............................................................................11.3Previous Archaeological Work.................................................................22METHODS...........................................................................................................32.1Introduction................................................................................................32.2Aims and Objectives..................................................................................32.3Fieldwork Methods....................................................................................33RESULTS.............................................................................................................43.1Introduction................................................................................................43.2Site A: Manor Court Field........................................................................5
Geophysical Survey......................................................................................5Trench 1 ( 
Figures 1, 6 & 7 
 ).........................................................................5Trench 4 ( 
Figures 1, 8 & 9
 ).........................................................................8Trench 5 ( 
Figures 1 & 10
 )...........................................................................9
3.3Site B: Withington Villa (SM GC200)......................................................9
Geophysical Survey......................................................................................9 Archaeological Evaluation........................................................................10Trench 2 ( 
Figures 1 & 11
 ).........................................................................10Trench 3 ( 
Figures 1 & 11
 ).........................................................................11Trench 6 ( 
Figures 1 & 12
 ).........................................................................11
3.4Site C.........................................................................................................12
Geophysical Survey....................................................................................12Trench 7 ( 
Figure 1
 )...................................................................................12Trench 8 ( 
Figures 1 & 13
 ).........................................................................12
4FINDS.................................................................................................................134.1Introduction..............................................................................................134.2Pottery.......................................................................................................13
 Romano-British..........................................................................................13 Post-Roman................................................................................................14
4.3Ceramic and Stone Building Material...................................................14
 Roof tiles....................................................................................................15 Box flue tiles...............................................................................................15 Bricks .......................................................................................................16 Tesserae.....................................................................................................16 Miscellaneous building material................................................................16 
4.4Opus Signinum and Wall Plaster...........................................................174.5Glass..........................................................................................................174.6Metalworking Slag...................................................................................17

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