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SPSS Base Syntax Reference Guide for SPSS V10.0

SPSS Base Syntax Reference Guide for SPSS V10.0

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Published by Hasan
This ebook is used as a command reference guide for SPSS V10.0 Statistical software.
This ebook is used as a command reference guide for SPSS V10.0 Statistical software.

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Published by: Hasan on Mar 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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10.0Syntax Reference Guide
 for SPSS BaseSPSS Regression ModelsSPSS Advanced Models
SPSS is a registered trademark and the other product names are the trademarks of SPSS Inc. for its proprietary computersoftware. No material describing such software may be produced or distributed without the written permission of the ownersof the trademark and license rights in the software and the copyrights in the published materials.The SOFTWARE and documentation are provided with RESTRICTED RIGHTS. Use, duplication, or disclosure by theGovernment is subject to restrictions as set forth in subdivision (c)(1)(ii) of The Rights in Technical Data and ComputerSoftware clause at 52.227-7013. Contractor/manufacturer is SPSS Inc., 233 South Wacker Drive, 11th Floor, Chicago, IL60606-6307.General notice: Other product names mentioned herein are used for identification purposes only and may be trademarks of their respective companies.Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.ImageStream is a trademark of INSO Corporation.SPSS
10.0 Syntax Reference GuideCopyright
© 1999 by SPSS Inc.All rights reserved.Printed in the United States of America.No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means,electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.
This part of the
SPSS Base Syntax Reference Guide
discusses general topics pertinent to us-ing command syntax. The topics are divided into five sections:
explains command syntax, including command specification, command or-der, and running commands in different modes. In this section, you will learn how toread syntax charts, which summarize command syntax in diagrams and provide an easyreference. Discussions of individual commands are found in an alphabetical reference inthe next part of this manual.
discusses different types of files used by the program. Terms frequently mentionedin this manual are defined. This section provides an overview of how files are handled.
contains important information on general rules and conventions concerningvariables and variable definition. In this section, you will find detailed information onvariable formats.
Transformation Expressions
describes expressions that can be used in data transforma-tion. Functions and operators are defined and illustrated. In this section, you will find acomplete list of available functions and how to use them.
 Date and Time
deals with functions and formats used with date and time expressions. Inthis section, you will find ways to read and convert date and time, use them in analysis,and display them in output.
Commands are the instructions that you give the program to initiate an action. For the pro-gram to interpret your commands correctly, you must follow certain rules.
Syntax Diagrams
Each command described in this manual includes a syntax diagram that shows all the sub-commands, keywords, and specifications allowed for that command. By recognizing sym-bols and different type fonts, you can use the syntax diagram as a quick reference for anycommand.Figure 1is an example.
Lines of text in italics indicate limitation or operation mode of the command.
Elements shown in upper case are keywords defined by SPSS to identify commands,subcommands, functions, operators, and other specifications. InFigure 1, 
is thecommand and
is a subcommand.
Elements in lower case describe specifications you supply. For example,
indicatesthat you need to supply a list of variables.
Elements in bold are defaults. SPSS supports two types of defaults. When the defaultis followed by **, as
is inFigure 1, the default (
) is in effect if the