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Hume’s Problem of Induction and Goodman’s New Riddle

Hume’s Problem of Induction and Goodman’s New Riddle

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Published by joseantoniopan
How is it that one comes to know something that is unobserved and future-orientated? Take for example, how is it that I can claim to know that the sun will rise tomorrow, or that the floor will not collapse as I walking across it? According to David Hume the beliefs that are formed about unobserved facts are habits of the mind created by the constant conjoining of two events. This constant conjoining leads to an induction about a belief, which is neither observed nor justified.

In this paper I will outline Hume’s problem of induction and critically assess some recent approaches that have been taken in relation to Hume’s work on induction. Specifically I will describe how Hume arrived at the problem of induction. Then I will present how some thinkers have attempted to deal with this problem. Finally I will give an overview of Nelson Goodman’s paradox and critically assess the riddle that has resulted from that work.
How is it that one comes to know something that is unobserved and future-orientated? Take for example, how is it that I can claim to know that the sun will rise tomorrow, or that the floor will not collapse as I walking across it? According to David Hume the beliefs that are formed about unobserved facts are habits of the mind created by the constant conjoining of two events. This constant conjoining leads to an induction about a belief, which is neither observed nor justified.

In this paper I will outline Hume’s problem of induction and critically assess some recent approaches that have been taken in relation to Hume’s work on induction. Specifically I will describe how Hume arrived at the problem of induction. Then I will present how some thinkers have attempted to deal with this problem. Finally I will give an overview of Nelson Goodman’s paradox and critically assess the riddle that has resulted from that work.

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: joseantoniopan on Mar 19, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial
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05/14/2014

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