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Nuclear Waste

Nuclear Waste

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Published by kailasasundaram
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Published by: kailasasundaram on Mar 19, 2013
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Effects of Nuclear Waste
 –
Mostly Negative for Life
is generally
 
a variety of solids,liquids and gases which
 
are produced during the generation of nuclear energy during
 
fission,mining of uranium,nuclear research and weapons production.They are normally classified as low-level, medium-level or high-level
 
wastes, according to the amount and types of radioactivity in
 
them.Nuclear Waste is radioactive and that is the primary cause of the
 
negative effects on human health and bodies.Note Radiation in small
 
amounts do not cause any lasting damage as humans are exposed tonatural radiation from radioactive deposits occurring naturally beneath
 
the earth.However large doses or prolonged exposure to moderate
 
radiation can lead to permanent problems and even lead to
 
world with no permanent geological sites being approved.One of theprimary reasons for the radioactive emission from the
 
damaged Japanese Nuclear Plant was the storage of spent fuel rods in
 
pools near the Nuclear Reactors.The dangers of Radiation from Nuclear
 
Waste are not negligible with thousands of tons being transported over
 
land and sea and thousands being stored in temporary structures.
 
Stochastic Health Effects
 Stochastic effects are associated with long-term, low-level (chronic)
 
exposure to radiation. (“Stochastic” refers to the likelihood that
 
something will happen.) Increased levels of exposure make thesehealth effects more likely to occur, but do not influence the type or
 
severity of the effect.Cancer is considered by most people the primary
 
health effect from radiation exposure.Other stochastic effects also
 
occur. Radiation can cause changes in DNA, the “blueprints” that
 
ensure cell repair and replacement produces a perfect copy of theoriginal cell. Changes in DNA are called mutations.
 
Non-Stochastic Health Effects
 Non-stochastic effects appear in cases of exposure to high levels of 
 
radiation, and become more severe as the exposure increases. Short-
 
term, high-
level exposure is referred to as ‘acute’ exposure.Medical
patients receiving radiation treatments often experience acute effects,
 
because they are receiving relatively high “bursts” of radiation during
 
treatment. 
Unsafe Amounts of Radiation
 Exposure(rem)Health EffectTime to Onset(without treatment)5-10 changes in blood chemistry50 nausea hours55 fatigue70 vomiting75 hair loss 2-3 weeks90 diarrhea100 hemorrhage400 possible death within 2 months1,000 destruction of intestinal lininginternal bleedingand death 1-2 weeks
 
Exposure(rem)Health EffectTime to Onset(without treatment)2,000 damage to central nervous systemloss of consciousness; minutesand death hours to days
Source
– 
EPA
 
Summary
 
 
Nuclear Waste Effect is highly negative to life particularly human beings
 
if it is not transported and stored carefully.Radiation has both short
 
term and long term effects on human health as is visible during cancer
 
treatments like chemotherapy.The inadequate policy handling of 
 
Nuclear Waste in almost all countries has made Nuclear Waste a buring
 
issue.The high costs and difficulty in
find Nuclear Storage Sites has
 
made the decision makers go into a state of coma with regards to
 
Nuclear Waste Policy.Obama has canceled funding to Yucca mountain
 
after more than 30 years since it was conceived.The 60,000 tons of 
 
 
Nuclear Waste on USA soil are a potential source of disaster.
 
Radiation facts and health effects
What is radiation?Radiation is a form of energy. It comes from man-made sources such asx-ray machines, from the sun and outer space, and from someradioactive materials such as uranium in soil. Radiation travels as rays,waves or energetic particles through air, water or solid materials.

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