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James the Lord s Brother

James the Lord s Brother

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Published by: GLENN DALE PEASE on Mar 19, 2013
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JAMES THE LORD S BROTHERBY WILLIAM PATRICK, D.D.(GLAS.)PRINCIPAL, MANITOBA COLLEGE, WINNIPEGEDINBURGHT. & T. CLARK, 38 GEORGE STREET1906Printed byMORRISON AND GIBB LIMITED,FORT. & T. CLARK, EDINBURGH.LONDON : SIMPKtN, MARSHALL, HAMILTON, KRNT, AND CO. LIMITED.NKW YORK I CHARLKS SCRIBNER S SONS."TOMY MOTHERPREFACE.book is an attempt to treat the life of -- James the Lord s brother with the fulness andthoroughness which its importance demands, and thusto make a contribution to the settlement of some of the most difficult problems belonging to the historyof the primitive Church. I do not know any work which covers the same ground.It will be seen that I am convinced of the genuineness of the Epistle of James, and of the trustworthinessof the notices concerning him which occur in the Acts,and that I regard these as substantially the only truesources for his opinions and career. In many of theablest works on the apostolic age, whether in our ownor in other languages, the James delineated is theJames of legend and romance rather than the Jamesof history ; and hence the James drawn in these pages,who is neither a Nazirite nor an ascetic, will wear an
unfamiliar aspect to many. But I can form no conception of a James who is at once the James of theEpistle and the Acts and the James of Hegesippus.The chapter on the Congress at Jerusalem is thatwhich has cost me most pains. The subject has beenviii PREFACEbefore my mind more or less for thirty years, and Iam not aware of any treatise which solves all thedifficulties connected with it. Nor do I regard myown account as final. But I have tried to look atthe actors in that Assembly as I would look atecclesiastical statesmen in the same position to-day.It is to me simply inconceivable that men of thecapacity and judgment of Peter, James, and John onthe one hand, and of Paul and Barnabas on the other,should have failed to frame a measure adapted to thecase of the Church of Antioch in which the questionof the necessity of circumcision was first raised. Yetmany scholars of note, especially on the Continent,assert that the decision of the Congress had noreference whatsoever to the case of the Church of Antioch. Surely it is the duty of any historicalcriticism worthy of the name to give the leaders of the Christian Church at least some credit for thepossession of ordinary foresight and wisdom.The conclusion reached in these pages, that theChristianity of James was in essence identical withthat of Paul, and that the relations between thesegreat leaders were frank and cordial, will hardlybe disputed by anyone who duly appreciates thecontents of the Epistle. That there were vitaldifferences of conviction between James and Paul,is a dream of the historical imagination. At thesame time, each had his own characteristic modes of thought and language, and neither can be measuredby the thoughts or language of the other.PREFACE ixIt is a pleasure to confess my obligations to thewriters who have preceded me in the treatment of one branch or another of my subject. My chief aim has been to understand the authorities and theirsignificance, and so to reconstruct the world of thoughtand action in which James moved ; and with this endin view I have examined them again and again, andhave tested my results by those of others. I havesought help from every available quarter, and havelearned much from authors whose view of theapostolic age seems to me defective and misleading,like Weizsacker, Harnack, Holtzmann, and McGiffert
(to name later scholars only), as well as from thosewhose opinions stand nearer to my own, as Lightfoot,Farrar, Hort, Zahn, Ramsay, and Bartlet. The commentaries of Beyschlag and Mayor have proved of thehighest utility. From the nature of the case it ismy dissent from, rather than my agreement with, theconclusions of other writers which appears as a rulewhen names are mentioned. But this dissent mustnot be regarded as indicating other than the utmostrespect for the powers and achievements of many othose whose views I contest. To refer to Lightfootand Hort only. I am persuaded that Lightfoot hasmisjudged the evidence of the New Testament and of the earliest Christian tradition on the question of theLord s brethren, and I cannot follow Hort in believingthat James was received into the number of theTwelve, or that his Epistle is later than those of Pauldealing with the question of justification. But I dox PREFACEnot therefore hesitate to say that nowhere will thestudent of the apostolic and sub-apostolic age findwiser or surer guidance than in the writings of theseeminent scholars.I desire to thank my colleague, Mr. J. S. Will, B.A.,for his kindness in reading the proofs and preparingthe excellent index.MANITOBA COLLEGE, WINNIPEG,January 9, 1906.CONTENTS.CHAP. PAGKI. JAMES THE BROTHER OP OUR LORD . . iII. JAMES, FROM HIS BIRTH TO THE BEGINNING OFOUR LORD S MINISTRY . . . .22III. JAMES, FROM THE BEGINNING OF OUR LORD SMINISTRY TO THE KESURRECTION . . 45IV. JAMES, FROM THE ASCENSION TO THE CONGRESSAT JERUSALEM ..... 76

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