Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
18Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Babylonian Legends of Creation

Babylonian Legends of Creation

Ratings:

4.0

(1)
|Views: 462 |Likes:
Published by Winson A. B.
Excerpt:
======

The baked clay tablets and portions of tablets which describe the views and beliefs of the Babylonians and Assyrians about the Creation were discovered by Mr. (later Sir) A. H. Layard, Hormuzd Rassam and George Smith, Assistant in the Department of Oriental Antiquities in the British Museum. They were found among the ruins of the Palace and Library of Ashur-bani-pal (B.C. 668-626) at Kuyunjik (Nineveh), between the years__i8^8_and-j;876_ Between 1866 and 1870, the great "find" of tablets and fragments, some 20,000 in number, which Rassam made in 1852, was worked through by George Smith, who identified many of the historical inscriptions of Shalmaneser II, Tiglath-Pileser III, Sargon II, Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, and other kings mentioned in the Bible, and several literary compositions of a legendary character, fables, etc. In the course of this work he discovered fragments of various versions of the Babylonian Legend of the Deluge, and portions of several texts belonging to a work which treated of the beginning of things, and of the Creation.
Excerpt:
======

The baked clay tablets and portions of tablets which describe the views and beliefs of the Babylonians and Assyrians about the Creation were discovered by Mr. (later Sir) A. H. Layard, Hormuzd Rassam and George Smith, Assistant in the Department of Oriental Antiquities in the British Museum. They were found among the ruins of the Palace and Library of Ashur-bani-pal (B.C. 668-626) at Kuyunjik (Nineveh), between the years__i8^8_and-j;876_ Between 1866 and 1870, the great "find" of tablets and fragments, some 20,000 in number, which Rassam made in 1852, was worked through by George Smith, who identified many of the historical inscriptions of Shalmaneser II, Tiglath-Pileser III, Sargon II, Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, and other kings mentioned in the Bible, and several literary compositions of a legendary character, fables, etc. In the course of this work he discovered fragments of various versions of the Babylonian Legend of the Deluge, and portions of several texts belonging to a work which treated of the beginning of things, and of the Creation.

More info:

Published by: Winson A. B. on Mar 10, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/22/2013

pdf

 
BRITISH MUSEUM.
'he
BabylonianLegends 
of 
the
Creation
and
the
»
Fight
between 
Bel 
and
the
Dragon
As 
told 
by Assyrian 
Tablets
from 
Nineveh
WITH 
TWENTY-FOUR
ILLUSTRATIONS
5
RINTED
BY
ORDER OF
THE TRUSTEES.
1921.
PRICE ONE
SHILLING
AND
SIXPENCE.
[All
Rights
Reserved.]
B 
72 
408
UBKABfc
*
 
The 
BabylonianLegends
of
the 
Creation 
and 
theFight 
between 
Bel
andthe
Dragon
as
/
told
by
Assyrian
Tablets
from
Nineveh.
DISCOVERY
OF
THETABLETS.
THE 
bakedclay
tablets and
portions
of 
tablets
which
describe
the
views
and
beliefs
of 
the
Babylonians 
and
Assyrians 
about
the
Creationwere
discovered
by 
Mr.
(later
Sir)A. 
H.
Layard,
Hormuzd 
Rassam and 
George 
Smith,
Assistantin the Depart
ment
of
Oriental Antiquities in
theBritish 
Museum.
They
were 
found among
the 
ruins 
of
the
Palace
andLibrary
of
Ashur-bani-pal
(B.C.
668-626)
at
Kuyunjik
(Nineveh),
between 
the 
years__i8^8_and-j;876_ 
Between
1866
and
1870,
thegreat
" 
find" 
of
tablets
and fragments,
some
20,000
in
number, 
which 
Rassam made in 
1852, 
was
worked 
through 
by 
GeorgeSmith, who 
identified
many
of
the 
historical inscriptions
ofShalmaneser
II, 
Tiglath-Pileser 
III,
Sargon 
II,
Sennacherib,Esarhaddon,
andother 
kings
mentioned
in
the
Bible,
and
several
literary
compositions
of
a
legendary
character,
fables,
etc.
In the
course
of
this 
work
he 
discoveredfragments 
of
variousversions
of
the
Babylonian 
Legend
of
the
Deluge, and
portions
of 
several 
texts 
belonging
to 
a
workwhich
treated
of
the beginning 
of
things, 
and
of
the 
Creation.
In
1870,
Rawlinson
and
Smith
noted
allusions 
to
the Creation
in 
theimportant
tablet
JK.
63,
but
the texts 
of
portions 
of
tablets
of 
the
Creation 
Series
at
that
time availablefor
study
were
so
fragmentary
that
it 
wasimpossiblefor
these scholars
to
find
their
correct
sequence.
During
the 
excavations
whichSmith
carried 
out
at
Kuyunjikin
1873
and
1874
for
the 
pro 
prietors
of
the
D
aily
Telegraph
a
nd theTrustees
of
the 
British
Museum,
hewas,he 
tells
us,
fortunate
enough 
to 
.discover 
" several fragments 
of
the 
Genesis
Legends." 
In
January,
1875, 
he
made 
an exhaustive 
search among
thetablets
in 
the 
British
Museum,
and
in 
the
followingMarchhe
published, in
the
A
I
UNIV. 
OF
GEORGIA
LIBRARIES
 
2
THE
SEVEN
T
ABLETS OF CREATION
Daily
Telegraph
(
March 
4th), a summary 
of
the
contents
of
about twenty
fragments
of
the
series
of
tablets 
describing 
the
creation 
of
the 
heavens and
theearth.In
November 
of 
the
same 
year
he
communicated 
to the 
Society
of
Biblical Archaeology
1
copies
of: (i)
the 
texts
on
fragments
of
the 
First
and FifthTablets
of
Creation
;
(
2)
a
text
describing
the
fight
between
the 
"
Gods
and
Chaos 
"
;
and
(3)
a
fragmentary
text
which,hebelieved,
described
the
Fall
of
Man.
In
the
following
year
he 
published 
translations 
of
all
the 
known
fragments 
of 
the
BabylonianCreationLegends
inhis
"
Chal- 
"
deanAccount 
of Genesis 
"
(London,
1876,
8vo,
with photographs).
Inthis
volume were 
included
translations 
of
the
Exploits 
of 
Gizdubar 
(Gilgamish),
and
some 
early Babylonian 
fables 
and 
legends 
of 
the
gods.
PUBLICATION 
OF
THE CREATION
TABLETS.
The publication 
of 
the 
above-mentioned
textsandtrans lations
proved beyond 
all
doubt the
correctness
of 
Rawlinson'sassertion 
made 
in 
1865,
that
"certain
portions
of 
the 
Baby-
" 
Ionian
and
Assyrian
Legends 
of
the 
Creation
resembled
"
passages
in 
the 
early
chapters 
of 
the 
Book 
of
Genesis." 
During
the
nexttwenty
years, 
the
Creation 
texts
were 
copied
and 
recopied
bymany
Assyriologists, 
but
no 
publication
appeared 
in 
which 
all
the 
material
availablefor reconstructing
the 
Legend 
was 
given
in
a 
collectedform.
In 
1898,
the 
Trustees 
of
the
British 
Museum 
ordered 
the 
publication
of
all
the 
Creation
texts 
contained
in
the
Babylonian 
and 
AssyrianCollections, 
and 
the 
late 
Mr.
L.
W.
King, 
Assistant
in
the Department
of 
Egyptianand
Assyrian Antiquities,
was
directed
toprepare 
anedition. The
exhaustive preparatory
search
whichhe
made
through 
the 
collections
of
tablets 
in
the 
British
Museum
resulted
in 
the 
discovery 
of 
many unpublishedfragments 
of
theCreation 
Legends,
and
in
the
identi
fication 
of
afragment
which,
although 
used
by 
George
Smith,
had 
been 
lost 
sight
of
for 
about 
twenty-five years.He 
ascer 
tained 
also 
that,
according
to
the
Ninevite
scribes,
the
Tablets 
of
the 
Creation 
Series wereseven
in number,
and
vhat
several
1 
See
the
T
ransactions,
V
ol. 
IV,
Plates 
I-VI,
London,
1876.
WRITTEN TO 
GLORIFY MARDUK.
3
versionsof
the 
Legend
of
the 
Creation,
the 
works
of
Baby
lonian
andAssyrian editors
of
different
periods, 
musthave
existedin
early 
Mesopotamian
Libraries. King'sedition
of 
the 
Creation 
Textsappeared
in 
" 
Cuneiform
Texts
"
from 
Babylonian"
Tablets
in
the 
" 
British
Museum," 
Part 
XIII,
London,
1901. As
the
scope
of
this
workdid
notpermitthe
inclusion 
of 
his
translations,andcommentary
and
'
notes,
he
published
these
in 
aprivate 
work 
entitled, 
" The"
Seven
Tablets
of 
"Creation, 
or
the
" Babylonian
and
" Assyrian Legends "
concerning the
Babylonianmap
of
theworld,showing 
the
ocean "
creation
of
the
surrounding 
the
world
and 
markingthe
position 
of «
w
or
j(j
a
n(
J 
Qf
man
_
Babylon 
on 
the
Euphrates asitscentre.
It 
shows
alsothe 
mountains
atthe source
of 
the
river,
the
" 
kind,"London, 
land
ofAssyria, liit-Iakinti, and 
the
swamps
at
IQO2 
8vO 
A 
SUpple-
the mouth 
of
the
Euphrates.
,
' 
,,, 
n
inentary
volume
[No.
92,6s;.]
containedmuch 
new
material
which
had
beenfound
by 
him 
since 
theappearance
of
the
official
edition
of 
thetexts, 
and 
in 
fact doubled 
the
number 
of
Creation
Texts 
known
hitherto.
THE OBJECT
OF
THE BABYLONIAN 
LEGEND 
OF
THE
CREATION
A 
perusal 
of
thetexts 
of 
the
Seven 
Tablets
of
Creation,
which
Kingwasenabled,through 
the information contained
in
them,
to 
arrange
for 
the
first time
in 
their
proper
sequence,
shows
that 
the 
main object
of
the 
Legend 
was
the
glorification
j of
the
god 
Marduk,
the
son 
of
Ea
(Enki),
as
the
conqueror 
of

Activity (18)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
rahyah liked this
adnam liked this
Jason Schmit liked this
Diego Mendoza liked this
martian2002 liked this
Felix Gonzalez liked this
efpercival liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->