FACULTY OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
October 16, 2012
This experiment is about the measurement of flow of water by notches and weirs whichhas been conducted on 6
October 2012 at Fluid Mechanics Laboratory, UiTM Shah Alam.Basically, the experiment that had conducted is to discuss about the flow characteristics of water over the different notches. The notches that used to examine the flow are rectangular andtriangular (V) notches. Besides, the experiment here is also to define the discharge coefficient ofthe fluid flow. In order to achieve the objectives, all the data are recorded while conducting theexperiment. The manipulated variables from this experiment are the height of water level andalso the types of notches. Thus, for the easier calculation, the amount of volume is set at theconstant level which is 3 litres.Based on the data that had been recorded, we construct a graph to analyzing thecharacteristics of the flow. From the rectangular graphs, we can observed that the dischargecoefficient decrease slowly and it almost have a constant value for the rest. Different with therectangular notch, the discharge coefficient for the triangular notch is smoothly but the value stillhigher than the rectangular notch.Thus, we can conclude that the triangular notch showed the higher discharge coefficientrather than the rectangular notch.
Nowadays, if we can see a structure that used to dam up a stream or river, over which thewater flows is known as weir and also can used notch. But the different between the weir and notchis the structure. A weir is an opening in the sidewall of the tank at the top. Besides, the notch andweir almost the same except the former is a small structure and has sharp edges. A weir is generallyan overflow structure, with a broad crest, built across an open channel. The top of weir wall overwhich the liquid flows is known as the sill or crest. While the head under which the weir isdischarging is measured from the crest to the free surface. Basically, a weir and notch is used formeasuring the flow of liquids.For this experiment, the rectangular weir and triangular weirs are been used. Both of theseweirs are often used in water supply, wastewater and also sewage systems. They consist of a sharpedged plate with a rectangular, triangular or v-notch profile for the water flow. In dam spillways, thebroad-crested weirs can be observed where the broad edge is beneath the water surface across the