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FAQ - Transitional Jobs

FAQ - Transitional Jobs

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Published by tjprograms
Frequently asked questions about Transitional Jobs, developed by the National Transitional Jobs Network.
Frequently asked questions about Transitional Jobs, developed by the National Transitional Jobs Network.

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Published by: tjprograms on Mar 20, 2013
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The Transitional Jobs Model
What are Transitional Jobs?
Transitional Jobs combine wage-paid work, job skills training, and supportive services to helpindividuals facing barriers to employment succeed in the workforce.
 Why pay wages for Transitional Jobs?
 Although they are time-limited, Transitional Jobs are real jobs with real pay. Paying real wages,equal to state or federal minimum wage for hours worked is a core component of the TJ strategy.Paying wages for transitional employment holds many benefits for workers, including providing acurrent employer reference and work history, ensuring access to the Earned Income Tax Credit, andreinforcing work-readiness lessons experientially in the context of a real job. Most importantly,paying wages offers much-needed earned income to support vulnerable individuals and theirfamilies.
What are the goals of Transitional Jobs?
Transitional Jobs have a variety of goals that are aimed at benefiting individuals, families, andcommunities. A central goal of Transitional Jobs is to help TJ participants address their barriers toemployment and prepare for successful work in the unsubsidized labor market by experientiallylearning, modeling, and practicing workplace behaviors and building a work history with jobreferences. Transitional Jobs also aim to stabilize individuals and their families with immediateearned income and access to incentives such as the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC). Additionalgoals of Transitional Jobs are to reduce recidivism and its associated public costs, stimulate localeconomies through wages paid to TJ participants, and improve the economic health of TJ
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What are the real impacts and outcomes of Transitional Jobs?
Evaluations of Transitional Jobs programs show that the strategy has many demonstrable effects,such as:
The benefits of these programs can far outweigh the costs.
A recent evaluation of areentry-focused TJ program found that every $1 invested in the program yielded up toalmost $4 in returned benefits to the community and taxpayer
i
.
Transitional Jobs programs get people working who would not otherwise be employed.
Transitional Jobs programs are targeted at individuals who, if it was not for the strategy,
Transitional Jobs: Frequently Asked Questions
December 2012
 
2
 
would
not be working
. Transitional Jobs programs keep individuals employed and earning apaycheck to meet their basic needs even in very weak labor markets.
Transitional Jobs programs can increase federal and state revenues.
A program that placedover 27,000 individuals in TJ over a six month period generated nearly $13.6 million
 
infederal income, Medicare, and Social Security taxes and over $2.7 million
 
in state incometax
ii
.
Transitional Jobs programs can reduce recidivism
. Transitional Jobs programs contribute tolowering recidivism and re-arrest and decrease reliance on public benefits. In a recent study,Transitional Jobs programs contributed to decreasing recidivism up to 50 percent on severalmeasures, such as rearrest and reincarceration for a new crime
iii
.
Transitional Jobs programs can contribute to the success of children.
These programspositively impact the lives of children as evidenced by better long-term educationaloutcomes
iv
. These programs support parental engagement by noncustodial parents and theearned income generated through these programs positively benefits children and families.
 Transitional Jobs programs can positively contribute to the economic health of communities.
The wages paid to workers are immediately spent in local communities byindividuals who must provide for their basic needs. This in turn increases local demand forgoods and services. For a Transitional Jobs program in select Chicago neighborhoods thatplaced over 1,500 people in transitional jobs over four months, demand for goods andservices increased by over $5 million because of the Transitional Jobs program
v
.
Transitional Jobs programs positively contribute to the economic health of employers
.Transitional Jobs programs have shown to positively benefit private participating employersby lowering the cost of hiring new employees, increasing business productivity, financialwell-being, and customer satisfaction
vi
.
 
Transitional Jobs programs can contribute to the receipt of employment-based tax credits,Unemployment Insurance, and Social Security.
Because wage-paid, real work is at the coreof the Transitional Jobs strategy, workers earn quarters toward wage-based tax incentivessuch as the Earned Income Tax Credit proven to lift individuals and families out of poverty.In addition, Transitional Jobs workers pay into social insurance programs and becomeeligible to receive Unemployment Insurance and Social Security.
Transitional Jobs programs can promote pro-social behavior and orient job seekers around work.
There is evidence that Transitional Jobs help workers make positive changes in theirchoices and behavior, as demonstrated by reductions in recidivism among TJ participantswho have recently been released from incarceration
vii
.
 
3
 
What do Transitional Jobs programs cost?
A large portion
Ͷ
roughly half-- of the cost of Transitional Jobs programs comes in the form of wages to workers which are immediately spent in local communities to meet the basic needs of individuals and families. The financial benefits of Transitional Jobs programs can far outweigh thecosts. Transitional Jobs programs have been shown to yield almost $4 in savings from avertedcriminal justice costs and the benefit of transitional labor for every $1 in program costs
viii
. The costto implement Transitional Jobs programs vary depending upon the size and scope of your program,
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budget projection tool tohelp make informed decisions about the cost of TJ programs.
Do Transitional Jobs programs duplicate the services provided by existing systems?
Transitional Jobs programs developed at the grass-roots level out of a response to the employmentneeds of individuals facing barriers to employment that had gone unmet by existing systems andstrategies. Transitional Jobs seek to include best practices from employment and human servicesprograms but the strategy is unique in blending wage-paid, real work opportunities with thesetraditional compo
ŶĞŶƚƐ͘dŚĞEĂƚŝŽŶĂůdƌĂŶƐŝƚŝŽŶĂů:ŽďƐEĞƚǁŽƌŬ͛ƐŝŶƚĞŶƚŝŽŶŝƐƚŚĂƚdƌĂŶƐŝƚŝŽŶĂů:ŽďƐ
programs are one of the recognized strategies within all relevant public systems and are available toevery individual facing employment barriers.
How are Transitional Jo
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-
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Transitional Jobs programs utilize real work opportunities in the private, public and non-profitsectors and benefit employers and communities. Transitional Jobs programs support communitiesthrough the repair and maintenance of public buildings, streets, and abandoned and foreclosedproperties. Transitional Jobs are part of the engine of job creation through enterprises that creategoods and services for the marketplace such as organic produce and prepared foods; restaurantsand public food kitchens; weatherization and home improvement; clothing and retail stores andmany more. Transitional Jobs programs place participants in child care centers, churches, schools,salons, property management and landscaping companies, for-profit and nonprofit retail stores,fast food, and restaurants to name a few. Transitional Jobs programs have been shown to positivelybenefit private employers by increasing productivity, financial well-being, and customersatisfaction
ix
.
Do Transitional Jobs workers displace existing workers?
If implemented properly, Transitional Jobs programs do not displace incumbent workers, nor canthey be used to undermine private- or public-sector union workers. Transitional Jobs participantsare by definition working in subsidized positions that are time-limited
Ͷ
typically 6 months or less,which means they cannot function as permanent substitutes for existing workers. Also, TJparticipants typically have barriers and skills needs that would otherwise prevent them fromsuccessful employment, which means they are often not qualified to replace experiencedemployees working at full productivity. TJ programs that place participants in industries or public-sector worksites with unionized workers typically partner with unions to ensure thatnondisplacement policies and grievance procedures are in place, and that TJ workers complement,

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