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h01 Klasifikasi Ketan

h01 Klasifikasi Ketan

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Klasifikasi Tanah secara cepat di lapangan sangat diperlukan untuk melihat potensi dan kerentanan suatu jenis tanah. dengan mencatat sifat fisik dan kimia tanah di lapangan akan diperoleh nama tanah. dengan diketahuinya nama tanah maka akan diperoleh karakter dasar tanah untuk menaksir kemampuan lahan dan kesesuaian tanaman
Klasifikasi Tanah secara cepat di lapangan sangat diperlukan untuk melihat potensi dan kerentanan suatu jenis tanah. dengan mencatat sifat fisik dan kimia tanah di lapangan akan diperoleh nama tanah. dengan diketahuinya nama tanah maka akan diperoleh karakter dasar tanah untuk menaksir kemampuan lahan dan kesesuaian tanaman

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Published by: BENY on Mar 11, 2009
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04/28/2013

 
 Buku Praktis Operasional 
 
KETAN
K
lasifikasi
E
 stimasi
T
 anah
 
A
 rtikan
 
N
 ama
 
Oleh :
 
BENY HARJADI
Peneliti Madya Bidang Pedologi dan Penginderaan JauhBalai Penelitian Kehutanan di SoloDEPARTEMEN KEHUTANAN
BADAN PENELITIAN DAN PENGEMBANGAN KEHUTANAN
BALAI PENELITIAN KEHUTANAN SOLO
Jl. Jend. A. Yani – Pabelan, Kartasura PO BOX 295 Surakarta 57102Kantor : BPK SOLO, Telepon : (0271) 716709 dan Fax. (0271) 716959
Rumah : Jl.Gemak II, T.10, Telp:591268, HP:08122686657, E-m : adbsolo@yahoo.com
 
K E T A N
Klasifikasi Estimasi Tanah Artikan Nama
 BENY HARJADIPeneliti BPK Soloii
KATA PENGANTAR
Buku pedoman KETAN (
Klasifikasi Estimasi Tanah Artikan Nama
)tentang penetapan nama tanah di lapangan, dimaksudkan untuk membantubagi para pemula agar dapat menetapkan nama tanah secara mudah sampaipada tingkatan nama tanah yang dikehendaki, yaitu
: Ordo, Sub-ordo,Great-group, Sub-group, Famili
dan
Seri
sesuai dengan skala peta yanghendak dihasilkan.Dengan bantuan metode analisa sifat fisik dan kimia serta beberapapenciri khusus tanah di lapangan, maka akan didapatkan nama tanah secaramudah, cepat dan tepat. Sehingga diharapkan buku pedoman ini dapatdipakai sebagai pedoman penetapan atau penafsiran nama tanah dalamrangka mendukung pengumpulan data ISDL (Inventarisasi Sumber DayaLahan) secara akurat.Akhirnya bagi para pemula dihimbau mengikuti tahapan-tahapanpenetapan nama tanah seperti yang disajikan didalam isi buku, selanjutnyauntuk tingkat lanjut diharapkan dapat mendalami lebih jauh denganmengikuti penetapan nama tanah secara lebih rinci seperti yang dituangkandalam lampiran buku pedoman ini. Selanjutnya kritik dan saran untuk kesempurnaannya masih sangat diharapkan.
BENY HARJADI
 
 
K E T A N
Klasifikasi Estimasi Tanah Artikan Nama
 BENY HARJADIPeneliti BPK Soloiii
DAFTAR ISI
KATA PENGANTAR....................................................................................................................................ii
 
DAFTAR ISI..................................................................................................................................................iii
 
I. PENDAHULUAN........................................................................................................................................1
 
II. BAHAN DAN ALAT.................................................................................................................................3
 
III. DESKRIPSI PROFIL TANAH................................................................................................................4
 
IV. SIMBOLISASI DESKRIPSI PROFIL....................................................................................................6 LAMPIRAN...................................................................................................................................................12
 
KLASIFIKASI TANAH................................................................................................................................13
 
A. Tingkat Ordo........................................................................................................................................13
 
B. Tingkat Sub-Ordo................................................................................................................................16
 
1.
E
 NTISOLS
(ENT).............................................................................................................................16
 
2.
 V 
ERTISOLS
(ERT)............................................................................................................................16
 
3.
I
 NCEPTISOLS
(EPT).........................................................................................................................17
 
4.
 A 
RIDISOLS
(ID)................................................................................................................................17
 
5.
 M 
OLLISOLS
(OLL)............................................................................................................................18
 
6.
S
PODOSOLS
(OD)..............................................................................................................................19
 
7.
 A 
LFISOLS
(ALF)..............................................................................................................................19
 
8.
U
LTISOLS
(ULT)..............................................................................................................................20
 
9.
O
XISOLS
(OX)..................................................................................................................................20
 
10.
H
ISTOSOLS
(IST)..............................................................................................................................20
 
C. Tingkat Great-Group............................................................................................................................21
 
1.
E
NTISOLS
(ENT)...........................................................................................................212.
V
ERTISOLS
(ERT)..........................................................................................................213. I
NCEPTISOLS
(EPT)........................................................................................................224. A
RIDISOLS
(ID)..............................................................................................................235. M
OLLISOLS
(OLL).........................................................................................................236. S
PODOSOLS
(OD)...........................................................................................................247. A
LFISOLS
(ALF).............................................................................................................258. U
LTISOLS
(ULT)............................................................................................................269. Ox
I
sols (OX)..................................................................................................................2710. H
ISTOSOLS
(IST)............................................................................................................28
PERMEABILITAS........................................................................................................................................29
 
KECEPATAN INFILTRASI.........................................................................................................................32
 
SIMBOL HORIZON.....................................................................................................................................33
 
A. Horizon Organik (O)............................................................................................................................33
 
B. Horizon Mineral...................................................................................................................................33
 
BATAS LAPISAN TANAH.........................................................................................................................36
 
A. TOPOGRAFI BATAS HORISON.......................................................................................................36
 
B. LEBAR BATAS HORISON................................................................................................................36
 
C. TEBAL HORISON..............................................................................................................................36
 
WARNA TANAH.........................................................................................................................................37
 
TEKSTUR TANAH......................................................................................................................................38
 
STRUKTUR TANAH...................................................................................................................................40
 
KONSISTENSI..............................................................................................................................................42
 
HORISON PENCIRI.....................................................................................................................................44
 
1. Epipedon...............................................................................................................................................44
 
2. Endopedon............................................................................................................................................45
 
3. Epiorganik.............................................................................................................................................46
 
4. Ciri Khusus...........................................................................................................................................47
 
5. Regim Penciri.......................................................................................................................................48
 
6. Regim Kelembaban (10-90cm)............................................................................................................48
 

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