TE-SAT 2012: An Analysis
threats to the European Union.1. Lone Actors or Individual Cells2. Religiously Motivated Terrorism3. Ethno-nationalist and Separatist Terrorism4. Socio-political and Anarchist Terrorism, and5. Single Issue Terrorism.Trends in TerroirsmEver since the 90s, four key trends have become apparent in modern terrorism, which are (1)an increase in the religiously inspired or motivated, attacks (2) expansion of lethalness,
(3)decrease in overall attacks and, (4) growth in Western targets.
Religiously Inspired TerrorismTE-SAT identified religious terrorism as a grave concern, despite the difficulties and debatesin the academic and criminological communities about the definition of the term. The earlygovernmental reports like the famous Report of the Task Force on Disorders and Terrorism
which classified different categories of terrorism side stepped on the religiously inspiredterrorism and extremist motivations. By the late 90s terrorism and security experts identifiedan inclination toward higher casualties in terror attacks. Religious terrorists often alienatethemselves from secular laws, values, social system, and norms set by the society. Whenreligious terrorists disregards social norms and conventional ethics for the sake of religiousideals, they can efficaciously depersonalize their future victims.Pape argues the taproot of terrorism is nationalism, a common bond that the members shareof ethnic, linguistic, and historical characteristics
and according to his study on Suicide
Jenkins once said, the terrorists wanted a lot of people watching not a people dead. However, later herealized the trend changed when the fatatlities increased faster...tens in the 70s, upto hundreds in the 80s,frequent hundreds in the 90s and with 9/11 thousands of fatalities. See also, Jenkins, Brian M., The Likelihoodof Nuclear Terrorism, Santa Monica, CA: Rand P-7119, July 1985, p.6 Hoffman, Bruce, Rethinking Terrorism andCounter Terrorism Since 9/11, Studies in Conflict and Terrirsm, 25:303-316, 2002, Jenkins, Brian M., The NewAge of Terrorism, The McGraw-Hill Homeland Security Handbook, (ed.) David Kamien, New York: McGraw-Hill,2006.
This is one of the major trend analyses, see Rand-St. Andrews Chronology of International Terrorism. FromRand-St. Andrews data base, it is evident that before 1968 there were no terrorist organizations could be
deemed “religious”; in 1980 there were only two (out of 64) and by the 1995 the number rose into 25 (out of
Disorders and Terrorism, National Advisory Committee on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals, Washington,D.C., 1976, The Task Force divided terrorism into six categories
civil disorders, political, non-political, Quasi,limited political, and official or state terrorism. pp. 3-7
Pape, Robert A., Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism, New York: Random House, p. 79Pape also noted the core theme of suicide terrorism is not a religious one but a specific secular and broaderstrategic objective. pp.4-7