First, and this is important, God is the
of this covenant. He says, “
I, behold, I
”and so He’s drawing attention to Himself: “Look at me; I am setting up thiscovenant.” This is a one-way thing. Whatever comes next it doesn’t matter howanyone responds because God is doing this Himself.
with you, and with your seed after you;
And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth.
And I willestablish my covenant with you,
Now, this is the
of this covenant. It extends not only to Noah, but also to hissons and grandsons and great-grandsons and all the animals and everything livingcreature from that point in time all the way down to today. So this is a far reachingcovenant:
neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.
of the covenant. Some have called this “common grace,” and it’strue that God could and should just destroy everyone at once, and so this is a sort of universal benefit that He doesn’t do that, but we have to remember that historyand the Bible are all about the revelation of His glory. This is all building up to theDay of Judgment and to the Wedding Supper of the Lamb. So essentially what God is saying is that He’ll withhold judgment until the end and won’t again givesinners all they deserve until then. I know it’s a fine line, but to me at least it’s animportant distinction. “Common grace” seems to lack the deliberate purpose anddetermination of a sovereign God who oversees all things and works themaccording to His plan and purpose.So what we have here is a promise from God for the elect, and this promise helpsus wait.
And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between meand you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations:
I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenantbetween me and the earth.
What is the tangible reminder of God’s promise? It’s a rainbow. Now, what is thepurpose of that?
And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, asthe appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it.
And I saw as the colour of