pressures/depths are. His experiments were successful, the results verifiedby human divers and concluded in the first usable dive tables and largelyincreased diving safety. [PADI 1988: The Encyclopedia Of RecreationalDiving] The tables estimate the minimum time needed for the differenttissues to de-saturate safely, and there are different models used forachieving these goals. These models mainly differ in their complexity andtheir field of application. Tables used for recreational diving are moreconservative, that is "on the safe side", than tables used by professionaldivers in the fields of technical or military diving. On the other handprofessional divers work under water what has effects on the behavior of their tissues that need to be taken into account. The development of modern diagnostical methods, namely theultrasound Doppler detector allowed to prove that the amount of Nitrogenbubbles forming after every dive differs every time, so more accuratemodels for tables and later dive computers could be derived.Diving within the conservative limits of decompression sickness isnormally safe. However: Statistical uncertainties are involved. In somecases one diver shows symptoms after a dive, while all other divers in hisgroup are free of symptoms although they all ascended at the same rateand followed a similar dive profile. This is because it cannot be clearlypredicted where and when small bubbles of Nitrogen clot, form a largerbubble and block a passage to an important body compartment, such asparts of the heart or nervous system. This circumstance makes it evenmore important to stay on the conservative side and properly plan eachdive - especially for recreational diving.
The Two Types Of Decompression Sickness:
Decompression Sickness can be divided into two categories due totheir signs and symptoms. Type one is characterized by the fact that pain is the only symptom. This pain can be felt in different parts of the body and results from localdamage to body tissue. In about 75% of all cases the joints are the mostaffected areas, due to the pain forcing the patient to bend the joints (thisis where the name "The Bends" comes from). In ca. 20% of the cases, skinsymptoms can be found and 5% of the cases suffer from blocked lymphchannels. The later can result in edemas and severe pain. SupplyingOxygen is mandatory and treatment in a recompression chamber shouldbe considered in severe cases. Type two is defined by severe conditions affecting the nervoussystem (brain, spinal cord) and the respiratory system. In most cases(approx. 2/3) decompression sickness of type two also shows thesymptoms of type one. The symptoms are as in type one plus choking andcoughing, shallow breathing, burning chest pain and shock due to lack of Oxygen. Damage to the nervous system can result in many different3