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Origin of Freemasonry

Origin of Freemasonry



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This is a recovered essay by Thomas Paine explaining the Origin of the Freemason cult. This was published in 1818 in New York.
This is a recovered essay by Thomas Paine explaining the Origin of the Freemason cult. This was published in 1818 in New York.

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Published by: QuickSpin on Mar 16, 2007
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Get any book for free on: www.Abika.com1
 Origin of Free Masonry
By Thomas PaineGet any book for free on:www.Abika.com
Get any book for free on: www.Abika.com2
Thomas Paine: Origin of Free Masonry
[NOTE: This essay appeared in New York, 1818, with an anonymous preface of which Iquote the opening paragraph: "This tract is a chapter belonging to the Third Part of the"Age of Reason," as will be seen by the references made in it to preceding articles, asforming part of the same work. It was culled from the writings of Mr. Paine after hisdeath, and published in a mutilated state by Mrs. Bonneville, his executrix. Passageshaving a reference to the Christian religion she erased, with a view no doubt of accommodating the work to the prejudices of bigotry. These, however, have beenrestored from the original manuscript, except a few lines which were rendered illegible."Madame Bonneville published this fragment in New York, 1810 (with the omissions Ipoint out) as a pamphlet. -- Dr. Robinet (Danton- Emigre, p. 7) says erroneously thatPaine was a Freemason; but an eminent member of that Fraternity in London, Mr. GeorgeBriggs, after reading this essay, which I submitted to him, tells me that "his generaloutline, remarks, and comments, are fairly true." Paine's intimacy in Paris with Nicolas deBonneville and Charles Frangois Dupuis, whose writings are replete with masonicspeculations, sufficiently explain his interest in the subject. -- Editor.]IT is always understood that Free-Masons have a secret which they carefully conceal; butfrom every thing that can be collected from their own accounts of Masonry, their realsecret is no other than their origin, which but few of them understand; and those who do,envelope it in mysteryThe Society of Masons are distinguished into three classes or degrees. 1st. The EnteredApprentice. 2d. The Fellow Craft. 3d. The Master Mason.The Entered Apprentice knows but little more of Masonry than the use of signs andtokens, and certain steps and words by which Masons can recognize each other withoutbeing discovered by a person who is not a Mason. The Fellow Craft is not much betterinstructed in Masonry, than the Entered Apprentice. It is only in the Master Mason'sLodge, that whatever knowledge remains of the origin of Masonry is preserved andconcealed.In 1730, Samuel Pritchard, member of a constituted lodge in England, published a treatiseentitled Masonry Dissected; and made oath before the Lord Mayor of London that it wasa true copy. "Samuel Pritchard maketh oath that the copy hereunto annexed is a true andgenuine copy in every particular." In his work he has given the catechism or examination,in question and answer, of the Apprentices, the Fellow Craft, and the Master Mason.There was no difficulty in doing this, as it is mere form.In his introduction he says, the original institution of Masonry consisted in the foundationof the liberal arts and sciences, but more especially in Geometry, for at the building of thetower of Babel, the art and mystery of Masonry was first introduced, and from thence
Get any book for free on: www.Abika.com3handed down by Euclid, a worthy and excellent mathematician of the Egyptians; and hecommunicated it to Hiram, the Master Mason concerned in building Solomon's Temple inJerusalem."Besides the absurdity of deriving Masonry from the building of Babel, where, accordingto the story, the confusion of languages prevented the builders understanding each other,and consequently of communicating any knowledge they had, there is a glaringcontradiction in point of chronology in the account he gives.Solomon's Temple was built and dedicated 1004 years before the christian era; andEuclid, as may be seen in the tables of chronology, lived 277 before the same era. It wastherefore impossible that Euclid could communicate any thing to Hiram, since Euclid didnot live till 700 years after the time of Hiram.In 1783, Captain George Smith, inspector of the Royal Artillery Academy at Woolwich,in England, and Provincial Grand Master of Masonry for the county of Kent, published atreatise entitled, The Use and Abuse of Free-Masonry.In his chapter of the antiquity of Masonry, he makes it to be coeval with creation,"when," says he, "the sovereign architect raised on Masonic principles the beauteousglobe, and commanded the master science, Geometry, to lay the planetary world, and toregulate by its laws the whole stupendous system in just unerring proportion, rollinground the central sun.""But," continues he, "I am not at liberty publicly to undraw the curtain, and openly todescant on this head; it is sacred, and ever will remain so; those who are honored with thetrust will not reveal it, and those who are ignorant of it cannot betray it." By this last partof the phrase, Smith means the two inferior classes, the Fellow Craft and the EnteredApprentice, for he says in the next page of his work, "It is not every one that is barelyinitiated into Free-Masonry that is entrusted with all the mysteries thereto belonging; theyare not attainable as things of course, nor by every capacity."The learned, but unfortunate Doctor Dodd, Grand Chaplain of Masonry, in his oration atthe dedication of Free-Mason's Hall, London, traces Masonry through a variety of stages.Masons, says he, are well informed from their own private and interior records that thebuilding of Solomon's Temple is an important era, from whence they derive manymysteries of their art. "Now (says he,) be it remembered that this great event took placeabove 1000 years before the Christian era, and consequently more than a century beforeHomer, the first of the Grecian Poets, wrote; and above five centuries before Pythagorasbrought from the east his sublime system of truly masonic instruction to illuminate. ourwestern world. But, remote as this period is, we date not from thence the commencementof our art. For though it might owe to the wise and glorious King of Israel some of itsmany mystic forms and hieroglyphic ceremonies, yet certainly the art itself is coeval withman, the great subject of it. "We trace," continues he, "its footsteps in the most distant,the most remote ages and nations of the world. We find it among the first and mostcelebrated civilizers of the East. We deduce it regularly from the first astronomers on the

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