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Globetrotting: Classical Geography

Globetrotting: Classical Geography

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“According to national statistics, geography is one of the most neglected subjects in schools today.”
“According to national statistics, geography is one of the most neglected subjects in schools today.”

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Published by: The Old Schoolhouse® Magazine on Mar 22, 2013
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Globetrotting: Classical Geography
 
Leigh A. Bortins
 
As a homeschool parent, one of my chief delights is the recovery of lost skills andknowledge. According to national statistics, geography is one of the most neglected subjectsin schools today. If your education was like mine, the exposure to countries, capitals,mountains, and rivers was negligible. Years ago, when I began researching the classicalmodel, I discovered how students formerly learned about geography and began to put thosemethods to use in my own home. Now, many years later, I have refined my understandingof this neglected subject through writing curriculum for homeschool communities andthrough designing summer training camps for students and parents.
 
• Principle #1: In order to really learn about the globe, students should learn to
draw the continents and countries.
In modern classrooms today, teachers distribute photocopied maps for students to label andeven offer multiple-choice answers that correspond to letters on a pre-printed map. Whenstudents learn geography in this way, the information is stored only in short-term memory.In contrast, consider how students learned geography prior to the invention of thephotocopier: Each student in the class received a turn with the geography book. Using ablank piece of paper or a slate, students copied the map they saw in the book and thenlabeled it.The first step to learning world geography, then, is to practice cartography, which is the artof drawing maps. This method ensures that students practice the following skills:
 
1.
Proper posture and writing position
Just as with a handwriting lesson, young studentswill learn to sit still and concentrate. They will also practice holding a pencil correctly.
 
2.
Careful observation
Students who draw a map must pay close attention to the shape of each country and must consider which countries or states share borders.
 
3.
Drawing
Students must focus on replicating the shapes they see on the original map.Thus, students get a lesson in drawing as well as a lesson in geography.Because students have employed many skills to reproduce a map, they are creating manypathways in their brains for storing and retrieving their geography lessons. With enoughpractice and repetition, this method ensures that the information will be stored in their long-term memory.
 
• Principle #2: Start with the very first basics of geography—
the equator, thegreat circles, and the continents.
Very young students can begin by learning about how we divide up our globe. To begin,have your child turn an 8½ x 11 sheet of paper so that the long side is at the top(landscape). Then, have him fold the paper in half from top to bottom. The long line acrossthe middle of their page can be traced and labeled as the equator. Students will need to addtwo lines north of the equator to represent the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle andtwo lines south of the equator to represent the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle.Repeat this lesson with your family until everyone can complete it quickly and easily.
 
 
The next step is to practice adding blobs for each of the seven continents. At this stage,students do not need to worry about replicating the exact shape of each continent. Instead,they should draw large or small circles or ovals to represent each continent. What theyshould pay attention to is where the continents should be drawn in relation to the greatcircles they have placed on their map. For example, North America should be drawn so thatits top is above the Arctic Circle line on the map and its lower end is below the Tropic of Cancer.After the continents are on the map, label the oceans. Again, repeat this lesson with yourfamily until everyone can complete it quickly and easily.
 
After students have mastered the great circles, the continent ―blobs,‖ and the oceans,
theyare ready to add more detail. Choose one continent at a time and ask students to practicedrawing the outline until they can produce a decent approximation of the actual shape.Once each continent outline has been mastered, children can expand their knowledge of that continent. They should learn how to add the borders for countries and to label capitals,mountains, and rivers.
1
 
If this seems too difficult, consider the following two real-life examples. First, I host summerparent practicums around the country each summer. In our geography drawing camps,children aged 6
8 learn to draw and label the continents and oceans in just three days.Some of them have even managed to memorize the states and capitals as well. In mygrammar school curriculum guide (Foundations), families focus on three cycles of geographyacross three years. The maps we use in our programs were drawn by a 12-year-old studentin the Challenge A program in which students spend an entire year learning to draw adetailed map of the world according to the methods I have described above.
 
• Principle #3: Make the geography lessons a fun family activity.
 
Because we w
ere working to recover a ―lost tool of learning,‖ my family chose to draw our
maps together during the evenings, when all of us could be home. We would play classicalmusic or listen to audio books as we drew together. If the weather was nice, we drew ourmaps while sitting on the porch. If you start utilizing these lessons in your home during thewinter, light a fire in your fireplace and enjoy a cozy time together as you learn somethingnew.
 
Teaching our children to draw and memorize the world is a priceless gift. Knowledge of world geography in detail equips our children with tools to read classical literature withgreater interest and comprehension. It piques their interest in the news and in missions.Hopefully, they will have deeper interest in and s
ympathy for all of God’s people around the
globe.Endnote:
 
1. In my book,
The Core: Teaching Your Child the Foundations of Classical Education
, I havedevoted an entire chapter to explaining this method of instruction, including a plan forgrades K
8 that allows children to master each continent in detail.
Leigh A. Bortins is author of the recently published book 
The Core: Teaching Your Childthe Foundations of Classical Education.
In addition, Ms. Bortins is the founder and CEOof 
Classical Conversations, Inc.
and host of the weekly radio show,
Leigh! At Lunch
.She lectures about the importance of home education nationwide. She lives with her family 

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