BP 1 The architect and the engineer collaborate
from the outset!
BP 3 No significant additional costs thanks
to modern methods!
BP 4 Avoid soft-storey ground floors!
BP 5 Avoid soft-storey upper floors!
BP 6 Avoid asymmetric bracing!
BP 7 Avoid bracing offsets!
BP 8 Discontinuities in stiffness and
resistance cause problems!
BP10 Avoid mixed systems with
columns and structural masonry walls!
BP 11Avoid «bracing» of frames with masonry infills!
BP 12 Brace masonry buildings with reinforced concrete
BP 13 Reinforce structural masonry
walls to resist horizontal actions!
masonry walls to
resist horizontal actions!
BP 14Match structural and non-structural elements!
BP 15 In skeleton structures, separate non-structural
masonry walls by joints!
BP 16 Avoid short columns!
BP 17 Avoid partially infilled frames!
BP 18 Design diagonal steel bracing carefully!
BP 19 Design steel structures to be ductile!
BP 20 Separate adjacent buildings by joints!
BP 21 Favour compact plan configurations!
BP 22 Use the slabs to «tie in» the elements and
distribute the forces!
BP 23 Ductile structures through capacity design!
BP 24 Use ductile reinforcing steel with Rm/Re ≥1.15
and Agt ≥6 %!
BP 26 No openings or recesses in plastic zones!
No openings or
recesses in plastic zones!
BP 27 Secure connections in prefabricated buildings!
BP 28 Protect foundations through capacity design!
BP 29 Develop a site specific response spectrum!
BP 30 Assess the potential for soil liquefaction!
BP 31 Softening may be more beneficial than
BP 32 Anchor facade elements against horizontal forces!
BP 33 Anchor free standing parapets and walls!
BP 34 Fasten suspended ceilings and light fittings!
BP 35 Fasten installations and equipment!
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