Fasting from dawn to sunset during the month of
, the ninth month in theIslamic lunar calendar, is required of those whose health permits. It is a complete fast, requiringthat nothing be taken into the body but needed medication. During
there is an emphasison piety and religious observances. Those who are ill or traveling do not have to fast during
but must compensate by fasting and by contributing to the
a religious opinion issued by a
tudy of Islamic law or jurisprudence
Five Pillars of Islam:
five basic principles meant to guide each Muslim onto the path of rightbehavior. They are the frameworks of the Muslim life: faith, prayer, concern for the needy, self-purification, and the pilgrimage to Makkah for those who are able.
A saying of the Prophet transmitted outside the Qur'an through a chain of knownintermediaries. There are two kinds of
(sacred sentence), a direct revelation,in which God speaks in the first person by the mouth of the Prophet, and
(prophetic sentence), an indirect revelation in which the Prophet speaks as himself.
The pilgrimage to Mecca once in one's lifetime is required of all those who have thephysical and financial ability to make the journey. The rituals of the hajj were established by theProphet. They emphasize repentance, resulting in forgiveness by God. The practice alsostrengthens the bond among the faithful from all walks of life and regions of the world. It isperformed during the Islamic lunar month of Dhu al-hijja.
Halal and Haram:
These are two Arabic words to mean lawful an unlawful respectively. Thestandards are based on the Qur'an and the Hadith; and Muslims are to abide in their daily lifeactivities by the teachings of their standards. These two concepts are very important when onetalks about moral, physical, spiritual, medical, biological, and dietetic aspects of Islam. Muslimstalk regularly about Halal and Haram for anything they do.
the movement of Muslims and the prophet
in the year 622 C.E.. On the Muslim religious calendar A.H. 1 began on July 16, 622 C.E. and allhistorical events that occurred after that date are designated as A.H.
: The highest level of deeds and worship, (perfection i.e. when you worship Allah or dodeeds, consider yourself as if you see Him and if you cannot achieve this feeling or attitude, thenyou must bear in mind that He sees you).