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30 Design of Welded Joints

# 30 Design of Welded Joints

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06/17/2013

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Module
10
Design of Permanent Joints
Version 2 ME , IIT Kharagpur

Lesson
4
Design of Welded Joints
Version 2 ME , IIT Kharagpur

Instructional Objectives:
At the end of this lesson, the students should be able to understand:
Possible failure mechanisms in welded joints.
How to design various kinds of welding joints.
1. Design of a butt joint:
The main failure mechanism of welded butt joint is tensile failure.Therefore the strength of a butt joint is
P s l
=
where =allowable tensile strength of the weld material.
s
=thickness of the weld
=length of the weld.
l
For a square butt joint is equal to the thickness of the plates. In general,this need not be so (seefigure 1).

lt
2
t
1
t=t
1
+t
2
Figure 10.4.1: Design of a butt joint
2. Design of transverse fillet joint:
Consider a single transverse joint as shown infigure 10.4.2. The generalstress distribution in the weld metal is very complicated. In design, a simpleprocedure is used assuming that entire load
acts as shear force on thethroat area, which is the smallest area of the cross section in a fillet weld. Ifthe fillet weld has equal base and height, (
, say), then the cross section ofVersion 2 ME , IIT Kharagpur