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40 Fluid Film Bearings

40 Fluid Film Bearings

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Published by PRASAD326

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: PRASAD326 on Mar 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/06/2013

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Module
14Brief overview of bearings
Version 2 ME , IIT Kharagpur 
 
 
Lesson
1Fluid Film bearings
 
Version 2 ME , IIT Kharagpur 
 
 
Instructional Objectives:
At the end of this lesson, the students should be able to understand:Types of bearingsComparison of bearing friction characteristicsBasics of hydrodynamic theory of lubricationDesign methods for journal bearings
14.1.1 Brief overview of bearings
Bearings are broadly categorized into two types, fluid film and rolling contacttype.
Fluid Film bearings 
In fluid film bearing the entire load of the shaft is carried by a thin film of fluidpresent between the rotating and non-rotating elements. The types of fluid filmbearings are as follows,Sliding contact typeJournal bearingThrust bearingSlider bearing
Rolling contact bearings 
In rolling contact bearings, the rotating shaft load is carried by a series of balls or rollers placed between rotating and non-rotating elements. The rolling contacttype bearings are of two types, namely,Ball bearingRoller bearing
14.1.2 Comparison of bearing frictions
The Fig. 14.1.1 shows a plot of Friction vs. Shaft speed for three bearings. It isobserved that for the lower shaft speeds the journal bearing have more frictionthan roller and ball bearing and ball bearing friction being the lowest. For thisreason, the ball bearings and roller bearings are also called as anti frictionbearings. However, with the increase of shaft speed the friction in the ball androller bearing phenomenally increases but the journal bearing friction is relativelylower than both of them. Hence, it is advantageous to use ball bearing and roller Version 2 ME , IIT Kharagpur 

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