Teleology, from the Greek words
(“discourse”), is the study of design or purpose.In philosophy, it is “the science or doctrine that attempts to explain the universe interms of ends or final causes”, believing that all things are designed for or are directed toward a finalresult, and that that inherent purpose or final cause exists in nature. It is therefore grounded on theargument that there is a creator based on perceived evidence of order, purpose, design, or direction innature.
II.Natural Law Basis
The teleological concept of law is based on the natural law philosophy, the natural law, as wasdefined by Plato and Aristotle, “is a discipline to which human conduct and relations must conform inorder to realize both the individual and the common good.” Accordingly, it is also defined as “theuniversal discipline of virtue in the exercise of their rights, in the performance of their obligations, inthe observance of rules, and the preservation of order and unity.” Thus, it is based on the idea that“there is a very present bond or relationship existing between positive law and natural law, hence, for the teleologists, the natural law provides for a magnanimous influence in shaping the concept of lawthan any other idea. In addition, they consider the natural law as the most potent force in thedevelopment of legal institutions and legal concepts, by which, it is said that, it is upon the precepts of the natural law that the completeness of the legal order can be achieved. For that matter, theteleological school of jurisprudence believes that a good legal order can be deduced from the naturallaw, thus making the law universally valid for all people.”
Article found at:
, December 7, 2008
Pascual, Carlito. Introduction to Legal Philosophy. 1994