, was coined by theJordanians after the territory, conquered by Jordan's Arab Legionin 1948, was annexed toTransjordan, formingthe newKingdom of Jordanin 1949–50. This annexation by Jordan was recognized by only a handful of countries, among them Britain and Pakistan.Most international bodies, the Arab League,and most Palestinians rejected the legality of the Jordanianannexation. The term was chosen to differentiate the "West bank of the River Jordan", the newly annexedterritory, from the "East Bank" of this river,
. Before the end of World War I and the creation of theBritish Mandate of Palestine(that preceded the modern history of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict), the laststate to control the land today referred to as the West Bank was theOttoman Empire,Ottoman Syria. TheOttoman Empire administrative region that included the modern West Bank was referred to by the Ottomans astheBeirut Vilayet.The specific district that included the modern West Bank was known as theSanjak of Nablus.Thegovernment of Israel, which has occupied the West Bank since 1967, refers to the area by the terminology"Judea and Samaria".