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3-20-13 Gay Marriage Release

3-20-13 Gay Marriage Release

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Published by Carl Weiser
Pew poll on attitudes toward same sex marriage
Pew poll on attitudes toward same sex marriage

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Carl Weiser on Mar 23, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 MARCH 20, 2013
Growing Support for Gay Marriage:Changed Minds and ChangingDemographics
Carroll Doherty
Associate Director
Jocelyn Kiley 
Senior Researcher
1615 L St, N.W., Suite 700Washington, D.C. 20036Tel (202) 419-4372Fax (202) 419-4399www.people-press.org 
 www.people-press.org51704149333817312003 2013Millennialborn after 1980Gen X1965-1980 Baby Boom1946-1964Silent1928-1945
334958442003 2013OpposeFavor
Growing Support for Gay Marriage: Changed Mindsand Changing Demographics
The rise in support for same-sex marriage over the past decade is among the largestchanges in opinion on any policy issue over this time period. A new national survey findsthat much of the shift is attributable to the arrival of a large cohort of young adults
theMillennial generation
who are far more open to gay rights than previous generations.Equally important, however, is that 14% of all Americans
and 28% of gay marriagesupporters
say they have changed their minds on this issue, often because they have afamily member or friend who is gay.The long-term shift in the
 views about same-sex marriage isunambiguous. Pollingconducted in 2003 foundmost Americans (58%)opposed to allowing gays andlesbians to marry legally, and just a third (33%) in favor.The new survey by the Pew Research Center, conductedMarch 13-17, 2013 among1,501 adults nationwide,confirms that these figureshave crossed, with 49%supporting same-sexmarriage, and 44% opposed.The new survey finds 70% of 
“Millennials” –
born since 1980 and age 18-32 today 
in favor of same-sex marriage.That is far higher than the support among older generations. But two other factors alsomake the views of this group significant. Millennial support for same-sex marriage hasgrown substantially over the past decade, from 51% in 2003 to 70% today. AndMillennials make up a larger share of the adult population today. In 2003, Millennialsmade up just 9% of the adult population. Today, 27% of adults are in the Millennialgeneration.
Growing Support for Same-Sex Marriage
 Allowing gays and lesbians to marry legally 
All Adults % Favor by Generation
PEW RESEARCH CENTER March 13-17, 2013.2003-2012 figures based on all surveys conducted in each year.
Support for same-sex marriage also hasincreased among older generations over thepast decade. For example, in 2003, just 17% of those in the Silent generation
born between1928 and 1945
favored same-sex marriage;today 31% do.To better understand this change, the new survey asked supporters of same-sex marriageif they have always held this view or if they have changed their mind on this issue. Morethan a quarter of same-sex marriageproponents (28%) say their views havechanged. This represents 14% of the Americanpublic overall. By comparison, virtually everyone who opposes same-sex marriage
 41% out of 44%
say they have always been against it. When those who say they have shifted to supportingsame-sex marriage are asked why their views changed,people offer a range of answers. Roughly a third(32%) say it is because they know someone
a friend,family member or otheracquaintance
who ishomosexual. A quarter (25%)say that their personal viewshave changed as they havethought about the issue orsimply because they havegrown older.
One-in-Seven Have Changed TheirMinds in Support of Gay Marriage
PEW RESEARCH CENTER March 13-17, 2013. Q62-Q63.
Why People Have Changed Their Minds
 Asked of supporters who have changed their minds
“What made you change your mind about same
sex marriage?” 
What People Said
My best friend fromhigh school is a gay man and he deservesthe same rights; they are in a committed relationship.
”Old fashion
ed ignorance, I grew upa little bit 
More people arehappier if that 
’s how they want to live.” 
 Just the change in
society, it's time.” 
There is one judgeand I am not that oneudge
PEW RESEARCH CENTER March 13-17, 2013. Q62a. Open-ended responses.
Know someone who ishomosexualEveryone is free to choose /Love / Happiness /Govt should stay outI've grown more open /thought about it more /gotten olderMore prevalent / It'sinevitable / World is justdifferent nowBelieve in equal rightsMoral/Religious beliefs

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