/noruz/ ↔ [nouz]; Kurdish:
;with various local pronunciations and spellings, meaning 'New Day')is the traditional Iranian new year holiday celebrated by Iranian andmany other peoples in West Asia, Central Asia, South Asia,Northwestern China, the Caucasus, the Crimea, and in Albania,Bosnia, Kosovo and the Republic of Macedonia.•Nowruz marks the first day of spring and the beginning of theIranian year. It is celebrated on the day of the astronomical vernalequinox (the start of spring in the northern hemisphere), whichusually occurs on March 21 or the previous/following day dependingon where it is observed. As well as being a Zoroastrian holiday, it isalso a holy day for adherents of the Bahá'í Faith. In Iran it is alsoreferred to as an Eid festival, although it is not an Islamic feast.Alawites and Nizari Ismaili Muslims also celebrate Nowruz.•The term Nowruz first appeared in Persian records in the secondcentury AD, but it was also an important day during the time of theAchaemenids (
648-330 BC), where kings from different nationsunder the Persian empire used to bring gifts to the emperor (Shahanshah) of Persia on Nowruz.