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Vimanas Mercury Vortex Technology

Vimanas Mercury Vortex Technology

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Published by CXXXVII

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: CXXXVII on Mar 23, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Ancient Flying Machines
Vimanas - Vaimanika Shastra
Title page of the English translation of Vyamanika Shastra published in 1973
Vaimanika Shastra
The Vaim
nika Sh
("Science of Aeronautics" [1]; also
Vimanika, Vymanika
) is an early 20thcentury Sanskrit text on aeronautics, claimed to be obtained by mental channeling, about construction of 
s, the "chariots of the Gods", self-moving aerial cars mentioned in the Sanskrit epics.The existence of the text was revealed in 1952 by G. R. Josyer, according to whom it is due to one PanditSubbaraya Shastry, who dictated it in 1918-1923. A Hindi translation was published in 1959, the Sanskrit textwith an English translation in 1973. It has 3000 shlokas in 8 chapters and was attributed by Shastry toMaharishi Bharadvaja,[2] which makes it of purportedly "ancient" origin, and hence it has a certain notabilityin ancient astronaut theories.A study by aeronautical and mechanical engineering at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore in 1974 concludedthat the aircraft described in the text were "poor concoctions" and that the author showed a complete lack of understanding of aeronautics. [3]
Origin and publication
Subbaraya Shastry was a mystic from Anekal, who was reputed to speak out verses (
) whenever he gotinspiration, described by Josyer as "a walking lexicon gifted with occult perception". According to Josyer, hedictated the text to G. Venkatachala Sharma in the early 1900s (completing it in 1923).
Subbaraya Shastry died in 1941, and Venkatachala took his manuscripts into keeping. The Vaimanika Shastramanuscript appeared at Rajakiya Sanskrit Library, Baroda by 1944.[4] The text was published in Hindi in 1959[5] and later in English by G.R. Josyer, titled
Vymanika Shastra
. Josyer's edition, also added illustrations drawnby T. K. Ellappa, a draughtsman at a local engineering college in Bangalore, under the direction of Shastry,which had been missed in the 1959 edition. [6]Its existence was first announced publicly in a 1952 press release by G.R. Josyer, who had founded his"International Academy of Sanskrit Research" in Mysore the year before. In the foreword to the 1973publication that contained the full Sanskrit text with English translation, Josyer quotes a 1952 press release of his which was "published in all the leading dailies of India, and was taken up by Reuter and other World PressNews Services":[7]Mr. G. R. Josyer, Director of the International Academy of Sanskrit Research in Mysore, in the courseof an interview recently, showed some very ancient manuscripts which the Academy had collected. Heclaimed that the manuscripts were several thousands of years old, compiled by ancient rishis,Bharadwaja, Narada and others, dealing, not with the mysticism of ancient Hindu philosophy of Atman or Brahman, but with more mundane things vital for the existence of man and progress of nations both in times of peace and war. [...] One manuscript dealt with Aeronautics, construction of various types of aircraft for civil aviation and for warfare. [...] Mr. Josyer showed some types of designs and drawing of a helicopter-type cargo-loading plane, specially meant for carryingcombustibles and ammunition, passenger aircraft carrying 400 to 500 persons, double and treble-decked aircraft. Each of these types had been fully described.Josyer then tells how he was visited by "Miss Jean Lyon, journalist of Toronto and New York" for an interview,and how Lyon in her
 Just Half a World Away
(1954) concluded that he was "guilty of a rabid nationalism,seeking to wipe out everything since the Vedas".A critical review pronounced Josyer's introduction to be "least scholarly by any standards." and said that "thepeople connected with publication – directly or indirectly – are solely to blame either for distorting or hiding thehistory of the manuscripts." perhaps in an attempt to "eulogise and glorify whatever they can find about ourpast, even without valid evidence". By tracing the provenance of the manuscript, interviewing associates of S.Shastry (including G. V. Sharma to whom the text was originally dictated), and based on the linguistic analysisof the text, the review concluded that it came into existence sometime between 1900 and 1922.[6]
Structure and content..
 An illustration of the Shakuna Vimana that is supposed to fly like a bird with hinged wings and tail.[6] 
Unlike modern treatises on aeronautics that begin by discussing the general principles of flight before detailingconcepts of aircraft design, the
Vaimanika Shastra
straightaway gets into quantitative description, as though aparticular aircraft is being described. The topics covered include, "definition of an airplane, a pilot, aerialroutes, food, clothing, metals, metal production, mirrors and their uses in wars, varieties of machinery andyantras, planes like ‘mantrik’, ‘tantrik’, and ‘kritak’" and four planes called
, and
are described in greater detail. The extant text is claimed to be only a small (one-fortieth) part of alarger work 
Yantra Sarvaswa
("All about machines[7]) composed byMaharishi Bharadwajand other sages forthe "benefit of all mankind".[6]In 1991, the English portion and the illustrations from the Josyer book were reprinted byDavid HatcherChildressin
Vimana Aircraft of Ancient India & Atlantis
as part of the
 Lost Science Series
. According toChildress, the 8 chapters treat the following:The secrets of constructing aeroplanes, which will not break, which cannot be cut, will not catch fire, andcannot be destroyed.The secret of making planes motionless.The secret of making planes invisible.The secret of hearing conversations and other sounds in enemy places.The secret of retrieving photographs of the interior of enemy planesThe secret of ascertaining the direction of enemy planes approach.The secret of making persons in enemy planes lose consciousness.The secret of destroying enemy planes.The propulsion of the Vimanas according to Kanjilal (1985) is by a "Mercury Vortex Engines"[8], apparently aconcept similar to electric propulsion. Childress finds evidence for this "mercury vortex engine" in the
 Samarangana Sutradhara
, an 11th century treatise on architecture.J. B. Hare of theInternet Sacred Text Archivein 2005 compiled an online edition of Josyer's 1973 book, in thesite's "UFOs" section. In his introduction, Hare writes

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