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NGO Shipbreaking Platform

NGO Shipbreaking Platform

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Articles of NGO Shipbreaking Platform
Media Alert – NGO releases 2011 list of top EU companies sendingtoxic ships to South Asia
2012-01-16 14:01:12 Shipbreaking
NGO RELEASES LIST OF EU TOXIC SHIPS SENT TO SOUTH ASIA IN 2011The NGO Shipbreaking Platform calls on the EU Commission to act and prevent toxic wastetrade of European end-of-life ships
Brussels, 16 January 2012 – The NGO Shipbreaking Platform, a coalition of human rights, labour rightsand environmental organisations working on the shipbreaking issue, has released its third yearly list of European companies that have sent end-of-life ships to the infamous scrap beaches of South Asia. TheEuropean Waste Shipment Regulation – which incorporates international law such as the 1989 BaselConvention on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes – prohibits European UnionMember States from exporting hazardous wastes, including those present in the structure of ships todeveloping countries. Still, the vast majority of European shipping companies continue to avoid the costsof proper disposal by selling their ships to South Asian breaking yards known for the lack of enforcementof environmental and labour laws, exposing some of the poorest communities to extremely dangerousworking conditions and severe pollution. The
top 10 European “global dumpers” in 2011
are[1]:1. Greece(100 ships)2. Norway(24 ships)3. UK(13 ships)4. TheNetherlands(12 ships)5. Germany(11 ships)6. Italy(9 ships)7. Cyprus,Switzerland(5 ships each )8. Bulgaria,Denmark,Romania(4 ships each)9. Latvia,Lithuania,Poland,Spain,Sweden(3 ships each)10. Belgium,Finland,Ireland,Slovenia(1 ship each)Once more, the listing of European dumpers also highlights the problem of “flags of convenience” (FOC).Unscrupulous ship-owners have long used FOCs to evade tax rules, licence regulations, safety standardsand social requirements for the treatment of crew. Backed by shell companies, joint-ventures and hiddenowners, FOCs are also considerable constraints to combating illegal toxic waste dumping as they make itextremely difficult to locate and penalise the real owners of vessels. In 2011, the top five flags used byEuropean companies were so-called “flags of convenience” as listed by the International TransportWorkers Federation, and accounted for 
64
% of the total (almost two thirds) of flags. These are:1. Panama(55 times)2. Liberia(33 times)3. Bahamas, St Kitts-Nevis (12 times each)4. Comoros(11 times)5. MarshallIslands, St Vincent & Grenadines (7 times each)
Pollution and deaths caused by obsolete European ships
Each year, approximately 800 ocean shipsreach the end of their service life and are broken down to recover steel. Yet only a fraction is handled in asafe, sustainable manner. About 80% of all end-of-life ships are simply run ashore on tidal beaches indeveloping countries such as Bangladesh, India and Pakistan, where unscrupulous shipbreakingcompanies exploit minimal enforcement of environmental and safety rules to maximize profits. On thebeaches ofSouth Asia, poor and unskilled migrant workers are deployed by the thousands to break downthe ships manually, which are often full of toxics such as asbestos, lead, PCBs and heavy metals. Littlecare is given to worker safety or protection of the environment. The toxics sicken the workers and ravagecoastal ecosystems. The muddy sand and shifting grounds of tidal beaches cannot support heavy liftingequipment or safety gear, therefore accidents maim or kill hundreds of workers each year. The statisticsare alarming. The European Commission estimates that 40,000 to 1.3 million tonnes toxics (including3,000 tonnes of asbestos) on board end-of-life vessels are exported each year to South Asia from the EU
 
alone[2]. In Bangladesh, children under 15 years of age count for 20% of the workforce[3]. There and elsewhere, the total death toll runs into the thousands[4]. Also, miles of protected mangrove trees,essential to ecosystem health and protection from monsoons, are being cut to make way for ships. Thisand the accompanying poisons from shipbreaking have killed or devastated dozens of aquatic species,destroying also the livelihoods of surrounding fishing communities.
The European Commission needsto take action
In March 2012, the European Commission is expected to release proposals for better enforcement of laws related to shipbreaking. Since the Commission first announced in 2006 that it wouldbe working on this issue, publishing also a “Strategy for better ship dismantling” in 2008, no improvementhas been made to the current state of play. The NGO Shipbreaking Platform and its coalition members,including organisations based in the largest shipbreaking countries (India, Bangladesh and Pakistan), willcontinue to actively advocate for a European policy that gives promise of effectively reversing the currenttrend where end-of-life ships constitute one of the largest streams of toxic waste dumped by Europeancompanies in developing countries. More than 100 non-governmental organisations around the world; theUN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and Toxics; and the European Parliament have voiced their support to the Platform’s human rights and environmental objectives to end the dangerous and pollutingpractice of breaking ships on tidal beaches. Forceful and sustained action at the European level isespecially urgent because the global phase-out of single hulled oil tankers and the current backlog of oldvessels still in operation mean that the number of retired ships that are sent for breaking is reaching an all-time high. The NGO Shipbreaking Platform’s 2011 list shows more than 200 European ships were sentfor breaking on the beaches of South Asia last year.[1]Six ships were sent by non-EU based companies that used European flags (twice theCyprus flag andtwice the Greek flag; once the British flag and once the Maltese flag).[2]European Commission:
Impact Assessment for an EU Strategy for Better Ship Dismantling 
,SEC(2008)2846[3]FIDH/YPSA:
Childbreaking Yards – Child Labour in the Ship Recycling Industry in Bangladesh
, 2008[4]FIDH/Greenpeace:
The Human Cost of Breaking Ships
, 2005Contact : Delphine Reuter Communication and Research Assistant NGO Shipbreaking Platformdelphine@shipbreakingplatform.org+32 (0) 2 609 44 19 
Notes on the list:
The European origin of the ships is determined either by their use of a European/EFTAflag (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein) or because the last owner of the ship before theshipbreakers bought it was European-based. We have chosen to use the last beneficial owner of the shipas a reference in all previous reports. As defined by Lloyd’s List, the beneficial owner "may be the vessel'smanagement company or the trading name of a group, both of which are generally perceived to representthe ultimate owners of the vessel". Therefore when looking at the report both these factors need to betaken into account when considering the data. The only destinations for end-of-life ships taken intoaccount in this report, as for the Platform’s previous reports, are Gadani in Pakistan; Alang, Sachana, andMumbai in India; and Chittagongin Bangladesh. Some ships may be missing from this list, which does notpretend to be exhaustive. Some data are provided by the industry on a voluntary basis. Also, as we onlycompile ships that were declared “dead” in 2011, some ships that were sold but not yet broken in 2011may not be on this list. For example, the ferries of French company SeaFrance, the Cézanne and theRenoir, are currently being broken down and therefore cannot yet be counted as “dead” in 2011. The listwas compiled using Lloyd’s List, Intermodal, Robin des Bois, Equasis, and other relevant sources.
2011 TOP EUROPEAN COMPANIESTHAT DUMP THEIR VESSELS ON SOUTH ASIAN BEACHES Last knownDestinationArrivaldate atyard
 
BO's countryBeneficial ownerName of shipLast flagyard(M/D/Y)IMO
BelgiumConti-Lines N.V.PanamaExpressBelgiumAlang, India2/23/20118130241BulgariaGovernment of BulgariaRilaBulgariaGadani,Pakistan2/10/20117607596BulgariaGovernment of BulgariaSlaviankaPanamaAlang, India6/18/20117721316BulgariaGovernment of BulgariaPriankaPanamaAlang, India6/18/20117721316BulgariaVarna Shipping &Trading LimitedKalitihi SeaSt. Vincent &GrenadinesAlang, India12/24/20118511574ChinaChinese-Polish JointStock ShippingCompany(CHIPOLBROK)Jan DlugoszCyprusAlang, India5/4/20118313831CyprusPnOShipmanagementLimitedBravo PPanamaAlang, India2/20/20117610476CyprusSMTShipmanagement &Transport LimitedDoveBahamasChittagong,Bangladesh5/1/20117380746CyprusBulcom LimitedChallenComorosAlang, India5/6/20117612735CyprusColumbiaShipmanagementLimitedCape VincenteLiberiaAlang, India8/11/20118911475CyprusBulcom LimitedPaganePanamaGadani,Pakistan9/8/20117819412DenmarkK/S Gizan GlorySea DaisyMaltaAlang, India2/2/20117632761DenmarkDannebrog Rederi ASCharlottenborgSingaporeAlang, India2/23/20117813705DenmarkNordana Line ASNaesborgLiberiaAlang, India5/2/20117359553DenmarkVA/SDampskibsselskabetTormBel TaylorComorosAlang, India9/9/20118913849FinlandKristiina LillbackaGlobal FreighterFinlandAlang, India10/5/20117528568GermanyHBC Hamburg BulkCarriers GmbH &Company KGHamburg TeamLiberiaGadani,Pakistan3/2/20118107567GermanyHartmann GroupRio GasLiberiaAlang, India3/5/20118511031GermanyPeter DohleSchiffahrts-KGKamnikSingaporeAlang, India3/9/20117507241GermanyHapag-Lloyd AktiengesellschaftHeronSt. Kitts-NevisAlang, India3/9/20118609254GermanyNeu SeeschiffahrtGmbHAlster N.LiberiaChittagong,Bangladesh5/18/20118418162GermanyJohn T. Essberger GmbH & CompanyElbiaPanamaAlang, India5/19/20117702140GermanyNeu SeeschiffahrtGmbHAlfred N.PanamaChittagong,Bangladesh6/7/20118900438GermanyOst-West-Handelund Schiffahrt GmbHBaltic Carrier St. Vincent &GrenadinesAlang, India6/17/20117707918GermanyMACS MaritimeCarrier ShippingGmbH & CompanyKGStellenboschMarshall IslandsAlang, India9/28/20117701639GermanyNeu SeeschiffahrtGmbHRuhr N.LiberiaChittagong,Bangladesh10/13/20118410108GermanyMarConsultSchiffahrt GmbH &Company KGESM Travelle Antigua &BarbudaAlang, India12/10/20118324608

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