OUR UNIVERSE : GRAVITATION
where G is the Universal Gravitational Constant.
NEWTONS LAW OF GRAVITATION:
Every body in the universe attracts every other body with a forcewhich is directly proportional to the product of their masses andinversely proportional to the square of the distance between them. The force acts along the line joining the two bodies.
Acceleration due to Gravity :
The uniform acceleration producedin a freely falling body due to the gravitational pull of the earth isknown as acceleration due to gravity and is denoted by ‘g’.
The values of G, M and r are :
Gravitational constant,G = 6.67 x 10
Mass of the earthM = 6 x 10
Radius of the earthr = 6.4 x 10
mg =9.8 m/s
The calculations show that ‘g’ value on moon is 1.67 m/s
and onSun it is 27.4 m/s
Mass and weight:
The mass of a body is the quantity of matter contained in it.It is an inherent, and fundamental property of the body.
It is independent of external factors like position and surroundings.
Thus, the mass of a given body will be the same at the equator aswell as at the poles of the earth, or for that matter, any where in theUniverse.
Weight of a body :
The weight of a body, is the force with which it isattracted by the earth towards its center, and is equal to the productof its mass and the acceleration due to gravityW = m g
One kilogram weight is that gravitational force which acts on a bodyof mass 1 kg.