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Table Of Contents

2.1 How can snake-bites be avoided
2.2 Implementing preventive strategies for community education
3.1 The venom apparatus
Venomous snakes of South-East Asia
3.3 How to identify venomous snakes
4.1 Venom composition
4.2 Quantity of venom injected at a bite, “dry bites”
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Determinants of snake-bite incidence and severity
5.3 Epidemiological characteristics of snake-bite victims
5.4 Circumstances of snake-bites
5.5 Snake-bite as an occupational disease
5.6 Death from snake-bite
5.7 Snake-bite in different countries of SEA Region
6.1 When venom has not been injected
6.2 When venom has been injected
Symptoms and signs of snake-bite
7.1 Stages of management
7.2 First-aid treatment
Management of snake-bites in South-East Asia
7.3 Transport to hospital
7.4 Treatment in the dispensary or hospital*
Species diagnosis
9.1 20-minute whole blood clotting test (20WBCT) *
20-minute whole blood clotting test (20WBCT)
9.2 Other tests
Investigations/laboratory tests
10.5 Antivenom reactions
10.6 Selection, storage and shelf life of antivenom
10.7 Administration of antivenom
10.9 Recurrence of systemic envenoming
10.10 Criteria for repeating the initial dose of antivenom
Supportive/ancillary treatment
Treatment of neurotoxic envenoming
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Practical guide to airway management and respiratory support**
13.3 Trial of anticholinesterase
Treatment of hypotension and shock
15.1 Oliguric phase of renal failure
Treatment of oliguria and acute kidney injury*
15.4 Renal recovery phase
15.5 Persisting renal dysfunction
haemostatic abnormalities
17.1 Bacterial infections
17.2 Compartmental syndromes and fasciotomy
17.3 Rehabilitation
Management of cobra spit ophthalmia*
References and further reading
Antivenoms for treatment of bites by South East Asian snakes
Pressure-immobilisation and pressure pad
Measurement of central venous pressure
tensely swollen snake-bitten limbs
Experts who contributed to the guidelines
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WHO-SEARO Snakebite Guidelines 2010 Copy

WHO-SEARO Snakebite Guidelines 2010 Copy

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Published by: Constance Aurelle M. Macalinao on Mar 24, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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