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Ultrafast dynamics of melting and ablation at large laser intensities

Ultrafast dynamics of melting and ablation at large laser intensities

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Published by Sin Kaf
Ultrafast dynamics
of melting and ablation
at large laser intensities
Ultrafast dynamics
of melting and ablation
at large laser intensities

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Sin Kaf on Mar 24, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Ultrafast dynamicsof melting and ablationat large laser intensities
Von der Fakultät für Maschinenwesen derRheinisch-Westfälischen Technischen Hochschule Aachenzur Erlangung des akademischen Grades einesDoktors der Naturwissenschaftengenehmigte Dissertation
vorgelegt von
Diplom-PhysikerIlja Mingareev
ausNowokuznetskRusslandBerichter: Universitätsprofessor Dr. rer. nat. Reinhart Poprawe M.A.Universitätsprofessor Dr. rer. nat. Werner LauterbornTag der mündlichen Prüfung: 19. Januar 2009Diese Dissertation ist auf den Internetseitender Hochschulbibliothek online verfügbar
Bibliografische Information er Deutschen ibliothek
 Die Deutsche ibliothek verzeichnet diese Publikation in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über http://dnb.ddb.de abrufbar. Nonnenstieg 8, 37075 GöttingenTelefon: 0551-54724-0Telefax: 0551-54724-21www.cuvillier.deAlle Rechte vorbehalten. Ohne ausdrückliche Genehmigungdes Verlages ist es nicht gestattet, das Buch oder Teiledaraus auf fotomechanischem Weg (Fotokopie, Mikrokopie)zu vervielfältigen.Gedruckt auf säurefreiem Papier 
1. Auflage, 200
CUVILLIER VERLAG, Göttingen 20091. Aufl. - Göttingen : Cuvillier, 2009
9D82 (Diss. RWTH Aachen University, 2009)
This thesis contributes to the understanding of the ultrafast melting and ab-lation of solids irradiated at large laser intensities. Fundamental aspects of theultrafast laser ablation of pure metals (Au, Al, Cu, Fe, W), such as laser-matterinteraction, plasma formation, evaporation and melt dynamics have been matter of research. Melting and welding of technical borosilicate glass by high-repetition rateultrafast laser radiation have been studied as well.Novel experimental techniques and tools have been developed and applied in or-der to enable investigations of laser induced transient phenomena on different timescales. Pump-probe imaging technique has been adopted featuring an extendedtemporal detection limit of approx. 2 microseconds and preserving a temporal res-olution in the sub-picosecond range. A novel quantitative optical phase microscopytechnique (TQPm) has been developed for time-resolved investigations of transientrefractive index and morphology changes.For laser ablation of metals at large irradiation intensities, the temporal andspatial profiles of the adopted laser radiation have been examined. The heatingeffect of the radiation pedestals caused by amplified spontaneous emission has beenestimated numerically resulting in a temperature increase by several hundreds of Kelvin, depending on material properties.Time-resolved shadowgraphy and quantitative measurements of the ablated vol-ume in metals have been performed in different ambient conditions. In the adopteddelay range, the observed ablation phenomena can be classified by at least fourcharacteristic time regions, featuring the ejection of plasma and highly pressurizedvapor, material vapor due to nucleation effects, liquid melt jets, and resolidification,respectively. Based on the experimental results of this work, a qualitative descrip-tion for ablation of metals at large intensities is given, and important differencesto the ablation at near-threshold intensities are specified. Particularly, phenomenaconcerned with overheating of material, e.g. phase explosion and “boiling crisis”,are assumed as the prevailing mechanisms of ablation.Melting of technical borosilicate glass by high-repetition rate ultrafast laser ra-diation has been studied dynamically by means of TQPm. The obtained resultsexhibit transient modifications of the refractive index which reflects either the ion-ization process or the material densification. An important application is establishedin terms of micro-welding of thin glass substrates with glass or silicon. By produc-ing melt tracks in the interface between two substrates, reliable weld seams aregenerated in the micrometer regime.
laser ablation, femtosecond, pump-probe, phase contrast

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