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Shipping Glossary

Shipping Glossary



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Published by Anand Khisti.
Glossary of terms relating to shipping, import, sea transport, sea vessels, international cargo movement and Incoterms
Glossary of terms relating to shipping, import, sea transport, sea vessels, international cargo movement and Incoterms

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Published by: Anand Khisti. on Mar 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 Gl     o s  s  ar    y 
To haul a shipment back over part of a routethat it has already traveled; return movement of cargo, usually opposite from the direction of itsprimary cargo destination.
Ballast keel
A heavy keel fitted to vessels to lower the centerof gravity and improve stability.
Ballast tanks
Compartments at the bottom of a ship that arefilled with liquids for stability and to make theship seaworthy.
The width of a ship.
A place in which a vessel is moored or secured;place alongside a quay where a ship loads ordischarges cargo.
Berth term
Shipped under a rate that does not include thecost of loading or unloading.
Berth dues (or quay dues or dockage)
Charges for the use of a berth. Typicallyassessed based on the duration of a vessel’s stayand length overall (LOA).
Bill of lading
A document that establishes the terms of con-tract between a shipper and a transportationcompany. It serves as a document of title, a con-tract of carriage, and a receipt for goods.
Bond port
Port of a vessel’s initial customs entry to anycountry; also known as first port of call.
Bonded warehouse
A warehouse authorized by customs authoritiesfor storage of goods on which payment of duties is deferred until the goods are removed.
Loose, noncontainerized cargo stowed directlyinto a ship’s hold.
A person who arranges for transportation of loads for a percentage of the revenue from theload.
Build-operate-transfer (BOT)
A form of concession where a private party orconsortium agrees to finance, construct, operateand maintain a facility for a specific period andtransfer the facility to the concerned govern-ment or port authority after the term of the
Glossary of Port andShipping Terms
concession. The ownership of the concessionarea (port land) remains with the governmentor port authority during the entire concessionperiod. The concessionaire bears the commer-cial risk of operating the facility.
Build-own-operate-transfer (BOOT)
A form of concession where a private party orconsortium agrees to finance, construct, own,operate and maintain a facility for a specificperiod and transfer the facility to the concernedgovernment or port authority after the term of the concession. The ownership of the conces-sion area (port land) vests in the private partyor consortium during the entire concessionperiod and is transferred to the government orport authority at the end of the concessionperiod. As with the BOT, the concessionairebears the commercial risk of operating thefacility.
A structure to resist water; a partitionseparatingone part of a ship from another part.
Bulk vessel
All vessels designed to carry bulk cargo such asgrain, fertilizers, ore, and oil.
Fuel used aboard ships.
Shipments between ports of a single nation, fre-quently reserved to national flag vessels of thatnation.
Cargo tonnage
Ocean freight is frequently billed on the basis of weight or measurement tons. Weight tons canbe expressed in terms of short tons of 2,000pounds, long tons of 2,240 pounds, or metrictons of 1,000 kilograms (2,204.62 pounds).Measurement tons are usually expressed ascargo measurements of 40 cubic feet (1.12 cubicmeters) or cubic meters (35.3 cubic feet).
Any person or entity who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procurethe performance of carriage by sea, inlandwaterway, rail, road, air, or by a combination of such modes.
Intraport or local hauling of cargo by drays ortrucks (also referred to as drayage).
A frame with wheels and container lockingdevices to secure the container for movement.
Classification yard (also commonlyknown as a shunting yard)
A railroad yard with many tracks used forassembling freight trains.
Cleaning in transit
The stopping of articles (such as farm products)for cleaning at a point between the point of ori-gin and destination.
The size beyond which vessels, cars, or loadscannot pass through, under, or over bridges,tunnels, highways, and so forth.
A device secured on the floor of a container toprovide additional support or strength to acargo-restraining device, or a device attached toa wharf to secure mooring lines.
Common carrier
A transportation company that provides serviceto the general public at published rates.
An arrangement whereby a private party(concessionaire) leases assets from a authorizedpublic entity for an extended period and hasresponsibility for financing specified new fixed
Port Reform Toolkit
      G      l    o    s    s    a    r    y
investments during the period and for providingspecified services associated with the assets; inreturn, the concessionaire receives specified rev-enues from the operation of the assets; the assetsrevert to the public sector at expiration of thecontract.
In some countries, this fee is levied to retainupkeep of the approaches to waterways andcanals.
Cargo consisting of shipments of two or moreshippers or suppliers. Container load shipmentsmay be consolidated for one or more con-signees.
Steel or aluminum frame forming a box in whichcargo can be stowed meeting InternationalStandard Organization (ISO)-specified measure-ments, fitted with special castings on the cornersfor securing to lifting equipment, vessels, chassis,rail cars, or stacking on other containers.Containers come in many forms and types,including: ventilated, insulated, refrigerated, flatrack, vehicle rack, open top, bulk liquid, drybulk, or other special configurations. Typical con-tainers may be 10 feet, 20 feet, 30 feet, 40 feet,45 feet, 48 feet, or 53 feet in length, 8 feet or 8.5feet in width, and 8.5 feet or 9.5 feet in height.
Container freight station
A dedicated port or container terminal area,usually consisting of one or more sheds orwarehouses and uncovered storage areas wherecargo is loaded (“stuffed”) into or unloaded(“stripped”) from containers and may be tem-porarily stored in the sheds or warehouses.
Container pool
An agreement between parties that allows theefficient use and supply of containers; a com-mon supply of containers available to the ship-per as required.
Container vessel
Ship equipped with cells into which containerscan be stacked; containerships may be full orpartial, depending on whether all or onlysome of its holds are fitted with containercells.
Container terminal
An area designated for the handling, storage,and possibly loading or unloading of cargo intoor out of containers, and where containers canbe picked up, dropped off, maintained, stored,or loaded or unloaded from one mode of trans-port to another (that is, vessel, truck, barge, orrail).
Container yard
A container handling and storage facility eitherwithin a port or inland.
Cargo that is prohibited.
Contract carrier
Any person not a common carrier who, underspecial and individual contracts or agreements,transports passengers or cargo for compensa-tion.
Controlled atmosphere
Sophisticated, computer controlled systems thatmanage the mixture of gases within a containerthroughout an intermodal journey, therebyreducing decay.
A government office where duties are paid, doc-uments filed, and so forth, on foreign ship-ments.
Customs broker
A person or firm, licensed by the customsauthority of their country when required,engaged in entering and clearing goods throughcustoms for a client (importer).
Glossary of Port and Shipping Terms
 Gl     o s  s  ar    y 

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