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How Jimmy Carter and I Started the Mujahideen

How Jimmy Carter and I Started the Mujahideen

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Published by: Hill Billy on Mar 25, 2013
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Zbigniew Brzezinski: 
How Jimmy Carter and I Started the Mujahideen
Interview of Zbigniew Brzezinski Le Nouvel Observateur (France), Jan 15-21, 1998, p.76*http://www.counterpunch.org/brzezinski.html 
The former director of the CIA, Robert Gates, stated in his memoirs ["From theShadows"], that American intelligence services began to aid the Mujahadeen inAfghanistan 6 months before the Soviet intervention. In this period you were the nationalsecurity adviser to President Carter. You therefore played a role in this affair. Is thatcorrect?
Yes. According to the official version of history, CIA aid to the Mujahadeenbegan during 1980, that is to say, after the Soviet army invaded Afghanistan, 24 Dec1979. But the reality, secretly guarded until now, is completely otherwise: Indeed, it was July 3, 1979 that President Carter signed the first directive for secret aid to the opponentsof the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul. And that very day, I wrote a note to the president inwhich I explained to him that in my opinion this aid was going to induce a Soviet militaryintervention.
Despite this risk, you were an advocate of this covert action. But perhaps you yourself desired this Soviet entry into war and looked to provoke it?
It isn't quite that. We didn't push the Russians to intervene, but weknowingly increased the probability that they would.
When the Soviets justified their intervention by asserting that they intended to fightagainst a secret involvement of the United States in Afghanistan, people didn't believethem. However, there was a basis of truth. You don't regret anything today?
Regret what? That secret operation was an excellent idea. It had the effect of drawing the Russians into the Afghan trap and you want me to regret it? The day that theSoviets officially crossed the border, I wrote to President Carter: We now have theopportunity of giving to the USSR its Vietnam war. Indeed, for almost 10 years, Moscowhad to carry on a war unsupportable by the government, a conflict that brought about thedemoralization and finally the breakup of the Soviet empire.
And neither do you regret having supported the Islamic [integrisme], having givenarms and advice to future terrorists?
What is most important to the history of the world? The Taliban or thecollapse of the Soviet empire? Some stirred-up Moslems or the liberation of CentralEurope and the end of the cold war?
Some stirred-up Moslems? But it has been said and repeated: Islamic fundamentalismrepresents a world menace today.
Nonsense! It is said that the West had a global policy in regard to Islam. That is stupid. There isn't a global Islam. Look at Islam in a rational manner and withoutdemagoguery or emotion. It is the leading religion of the world with 1.5 billion followers.But what is there in common among Saudi Arabian fundamentalism, moderate Morocco,Pakistan militarism, Egyptian pro-Western or Central Asian secularism? Nothing morethan what unites the Christian countries.* There are at least two editions of this magazine; with the perhaps sole exception of theLibrary of Congress, the version sent to the United States is shorter than the Frenchversion, and the Brzezinski interview was not included in the shorter version. The above has been translated from the French by
Bill Blum
author of the indispensible,"Killing Hope: US Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II" and "Rogue
State: A Guide to the World's Only Superpower" Portions of the books can be read at:<http://members.aol.com/superogue/homepage.htm> 
Continued below.
Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski
Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski
 Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezi
, (born March28, 1928,Warsaw,Poland) is aPolish-bornAmerican political scientist,geostrategist, andstatesmanwho served asUnited States National Security AdvisortoPresident  Jimmy Carterfrom 1977 to 1981. Known for hishawkish foreign policyat a time when the Democratic Partywas increasinglydovish, he is a foreign policyrealistand considered by some to be the Democrats' response toRepublican Henry Kissinger.
 Major foreign policy events during his term of office included the normalization of relationswith thePeople's Republic of China(and the severing of ties with theRepublic of China), the signing of the secondStrategic Arms Limitation Treaty(SALT II), the brokering of theCamp David Accords, the transition of Iran to an anti-Western Islamicstate, encouraging reform in Eastern Europe and emphasizing human rights in U.S.foreign policy in order to question the legitimacy of Soviet power,
the arming of themujaheddininAfghanistan
to fight against the Soviet-friendly Afghan government,increase the probability of Soviet invasion and later entanglement in a Vietnam-stylewar,
and later to counter theSoviet invasion, and the signing of the Torrijos-Carter  TreatiesrelinquishingU.S.control of thePanama Canalafter 1999. He is currently professor of American foreign policy at Johns Hopkins University'sSchool of Advanced International Studies, a scholar at theCenter for Strategic andInternational Studies, and a member of various boards and councils. He appearsfrequently as an expert on thePBSprogram
The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer 
Continued below.

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