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Prof Adel Sehiem Presentation

Prof Adel Sehiem Presentation

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Published by Shamia Essam
Prof Adel Sehiem Presentation
Prof Adel Sehiem Presentation

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Published by: Shamia Essam on Mar 25, 2013
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03/25/2013

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Traps, Trap Types, and the Petroleum System
 
Trap definition
 
A trap consists of a geometric arrangement of permeable (reservoir) and less-permeable (seal) rocks which, when combined with the physical and chemicalproperties of subsurface fluids, can allow hydrocarbons to accumulate
.
 
 
Trapping Elements:
 
1. Trap reservoir 
 
2. Trap seal
 
3. Trap fluids
 
 
Trap Boundaries:
 
(1)Boundaries between solids, such as the contact betweenreservoir and seal
(
2)
 
boundaries between fluids, such as oil
 –
water or gas
 –
water contacts.Temperature can also control a trapboundary as displayed by gas hydrate traps.
 
Traps vs. accumulations:
 
-A trap may or may not contain oil or gas.-Accumulations, or pools, are traps that contain oil or gas.
 
Trapping conditions:
 
• Capillary contrasts in pore throats in the seal vs. the reservoir 
 
• Contrasts in physical/chemical properties of subsurface fluids
(primarily oil, gas, and water)
• Rock/fluid chemical and physical interactions
 
 
Measure of the potential storage capacity or size of the trap defined by:
 
 
Trap closure:
 
-
Vertical closure is a measure of the maximum potential hydrocarboncolumn of the trap.-Areal closure is a measure of the maximum area of the potentialhydrocarbon accumulation within the trap boundaries.-Volumetric closure integrates vertical and areal closure with pay thickness,porosity, and hydrocarbon saturation.
 
Trap classification:
 
is based on the geometry, composition, and genesis of trapboundaries.
 

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