3. To treat flocculation dilution + thinners.4. To treat foams add defoamer.5. To treat viscosity dilution + thinners.6. To treat water loss add filtration control agents.7. To treat Ca
add soda ash.8. To treat Mg
add Ca CO
.9. To treat CO
To Measure PV , YP and Gel Strength:
By mean of apparatus of Rheology (viscometer):1.
Fill cup with mud.2.
Adjust apparatus to 600 RPM and then allow agitation. Take reading on gauge.4.
Adjust apparatus to 300 RPM and then allow agitation. Take reading on gauge.5.
PV = Reading 600
YP = Reading 300
Adjust apparatus to 600 RPM again and then allow agitation for few minutes.8.
Then adjust apparatus to 3 RPM. Put on , after waiting for 10 sec. Take maximum reading to be firstreading for gel.9.
Then adjust apparatus again to 600 RPM , allow agitation for few minutes.10.
Wait this time 10 minutes.11.
Then adjust to 3 RPM, allow agitation and take maximum reading to be second reading for gel strength.
To Measure Water Loss and Filter Cake:
By mean of apparatus:1.
Fit bottom end of cell to cell after putting a filter paper covered by a rubber o-seal.2.
Fit cell with mud enough for half an hour.3.
Fit cell in place over a graduated cylinder.4.
Fit top part of apparatus.5.
Apply pressure 100 psi.6.
Mud starts loosing water collected in graduated cylinder.7.
If taking reading after 7 ½ minutes multiply by 2.8.
If not continue ½ an hour you will get the same reading.9.
Take filter paper out. Clean filter paper from all above cake, measure cake. NB: Relation between water loss and cake: