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Production Coconut

Production Coconut

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Published by prisskzn
coconut oil production
coconut oil production

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Published by: prisskzn on Mar 25, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/29/2013

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¦ÉÉ®úiÉ ¨Éå xÉÉÊ®úªÉ±É EòÉ =i{ÉÉnùxÉ B´ÉÆ Ê´É{ÉhÉxÉ 
KALPAVRIKSHA TREE OF HEAVEN TREE OF ABUNDANCE TREE OF LIFE KING OF PALMSNATURES SUPER MARKET GODS GIFT TO MANKIND
 
¦ÉÉ®úiÉ ºÉ®úEòÉ® 
 ú
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
 
 òÊ¹É ¨ÉÆjÉɱɪɠ
 
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE
 
EÞòÊ¹É +Éè®ú ºÉ½þEòÉÊ®úiÉÉ Ê´É¦ÉÉMÉ 
 
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND COOPERATION
Ê´É{ÉhÉxÉ B´ÉÆ ÊxÉ®úÒIÉhÉ ÊxÉnä ù¶Éɱɪɠ
 
DIRECTORATE OF MARKETING AND INSPECTION
(Ê´É{ÉÊhÉ +xÉÖ ºÉÆvÉÉxÉ B´ÉÆÊxɪÉÉäVÉxÉ EòIÉ 
)
 ù (
MARKET RESEARCH AND PLANNNG CELL)
|ÉvÉÉxÉ ¶ÉÉJÉÉ EòɪÉÉDZɪɠ
 
BRANCH HEAD OFFICE
 
xÉÉMÉ{ÉÖ ®ú
NAGPUR
 
2008
 
 
 
“Coconut is the king of vegetables with its sap,Fruits, leaves, stem, root and all parts to feed, appease,Shelter, cure and carry mankind”
 Joes Maria de Silva (LISBON)
 
PREFACE
 The Directorate of Marketing and Inspection made reverend effort by publishing firstreport on Marketing of Coconut and Coconut Products in India, in the year 1943, to ascertain therole of coconut and its products, played in the agricultural economy of the country. Since thenthe production and marketing of coconut in India witnessed a significant development withregard to domestic production, consumption and industrial utilization of coconut and coconutproducts. Subsequently, the first report was revised and updated in the year 1962 to makeappraisal of changes that had occurred in the plantation crop pattern, development of coconuttrade and industries in the country. Subsequently, abundant research and development activitiestaken up by the Government and non-governmental agencies have not only resulted in increasedproduction and productivity of coconut, but also made the beginning of development anddiversification of coconut products and by-products for better marketability of coconut. The coconut is a benevolent tree, a nature’s gift to mankind, as it is a source of food,beverage, oilseed, fibres, timber, health products and also associated with mystery and omen inthe life of people. The coconut tree provides clothing utensils and dwellings, therefore, is animportant source of earning livelihood to the people of coconut growing states, especially in thecoastal areas. The coconut tree therefore, is eulogized, reverently as
“Kalpavruksha”
or tree of life by the people. The coconut crop is grown in 12.5 million hectares of land which constituted about 0.7per cent of net crop area of the world. The crop is grown in the coastal lowlands of continentalSouth Asia and spread along the Indian and Pacific Ocean, the cultivation is mostly done bysmall and marginal farmers. According to FAO statistics 2007, about 57.9 billion nuts wereproduced, which was equivalent to 7.3 metric tonnes of oil. The coconut oil ranks sixth amongthe eight major vegetable oils of the world. India contributes about 15.46 per cent in area and21 per cent in terms of production of coconut in the world. The coconut crop is grown ineighteen States and three Union Territories covering an area of 1.935 million hectares of land,with a production of 12,833 million nuts in the country. The major coconut crop acreage isconcentrated on the West Coast region of the country comprising the states of Kerala, Karnatakaand Maharashtra, followed by East Coast of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa andPondicherry. The coconut cultivation areas also traditionally located in the coastal region of Gujarat, Goa, West Bengal, Islands of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep. About 90 percent of the area of coconut cultivation and equally the same per cent of production of coconutare from the four Southern states, viz. Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.Kerala is considered as the land of coconut and holds the key for the development of coconutproduction and marketing in the country.In the present scenario the trend in processing of coconut products is slowly setting in thecountry, but the domestic market is not ready to lift the coconut in product form. Moreover, thecoconut processing industries have to compete with the international market players in the world

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