OIL OIL OIL OIL OIL
9.2 S9.2 S9.2 S9.2 S9.2 S
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Soil is composed of distinct layers.Perform the following activity to find out how these layers are arranged.
Activity 9.2 Activity 9.2 Activity 9.2 Activity 9.2 Activity 9.2
Take a little soil. Break the clumps with your hand to powder it. Now take a glasstumbler, three quarters filled with water,and then add a handful of soil to it. Stir it well with a stick to dissolve the soil.Now let it stand undisturbed for sometime (Fig. 9.2). Afterwards, observe it andanswer the following questions:
Do you see layers of particles of different sizes in the glass tumbler?
Draw a diagram showing these layers.
Are there some dead rotting leavesor animal remains floating on water? The rotting dead matter in the soil iscalledhumushumushumushumushumus. You probably know that the soil isformed by the breaking down of rocks by the action of wind, water and climate. This process is called weathering weathering weathering weathering weathering. Thenature of any soil depends upon therocks from which it has been formed andthe type of vegetation that grows in it. A vertical section through different layers of the soil is called thesoil profilesoil profilesoil profilesoil profilesoil profile.Each layer differs in feel (texture),Polythene bags and plastics pollutethe soil. They also kill the organismsliving in the soil. That is why there isa demand to ban the polythene bagsand plastics. Other substances whichpollute the soil are a number of wasteproducts, chemicals and pesticides. Waste products and chemicals should be treated before they are releasedinto the soil. The use of pesticidesshould be minimised.I want to know whether thesoil from a field can be usedto make toys?
Fig. 9.2 Fig. 9.2 Fig. 9.2 Fig. 9.2 Fig. 9.2 Layers of soil
I wonder why I found somepieces of plastic articles andpolythene bags in the soil samplecollected from the roadside andthe garden.
humus water clay sandgravel