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MIXING OF CONCRETE

MIXING OF CONCRETE

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Published by ClassOf1.com
After various ingredients of concrete are proportioned, the next operation is their mixing, the mixing process should ensure homogeneous mass uniform in colour, and segregation should not take place during mixing operation.
After various ingredients of concrete are proportioned, the next operation is their mixing, the mixing process should ensure homogeneous mass uniform in colour, and segregation should not take place during mixing operation.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: ClassOf1.com on Mar 26, 2013
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Engineering
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Sub: Engineering Topic: Civil Engineering
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The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
MIXING OF CONCRETE
 
After various ingredients of concrete are proportioned, the next operation is their mixing, the mixingprocess should ensure homogeneous mass uniform in colour, and segregation should not take placeduring mixing operation. There are two methods of mixing the concrete:
 
Hand mixing
: Hand mixing is adopted where quantity of concrete is very small. It can also beadopted where machine for mixing is not available or where noise is not desirable. Cementand sand are first of all mixed dry on a clean, hard, impermeable platform. Dry mixing iscontinued until the mix attains uniform colour. Now this mix is spread on the measured stockof coarse aggregate in required quantity and these are mixed dry again to have uniformcolour. Shovels are used for this mixing purpose. Make hollow in the middle of the mixed pileand add about 75% of the required quantity of water. Mixing is done and the remainingquantity of water is added to acquire the uniform workability. In this method of mixing, about10% more cement is used to make good the cement lost due to possible water flowing out of the mix and also to make good strength characteristics due to inferior results of hand mixing.
 
Machine mixing
: On large works where concreting work is quite large, machine mixing of concrete proves economical. Concrete produced by machine mixing is more homogeneous,and can be prepared with comparatively less w/c ratio. The concrete mixers may either bebatch type or continuous type. Batch mixers mix and discharge each load of materialsseparately, whereas continuous mixers produce steady stream of concrete so long as it is inoperation. Latter type mixers are not in common use. Batch type mixers are mostly adopted.These may be
rotary or non-tilting type
or
tilting type:
 
 
 
Sub: Engineering Topic: Civil Engineering
*
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
Rotary or non-tilting type mixer
: This mixer has a cylindrical drum fitted with anumber of inclined blades in it. It revolves about horizontal axis and has two openings.Charge is admitted in the drum through one opening and mixed charge is dischargedthrough the second one. This mixer is available in following capacities. Thesecapacities indicate concrete produced in a batch in liters:
140 NT, 200 NT, 280 NT, 400NT and 800 NT
. The word NT indicates non-tilting.
Tilting type mixer
: This mixer has conical-shaped drum which revolves about aninclined axis. The drum is tiltable in different positions of charging, mixing, anddischarging. Blades are fitted inside the drum to affect thorough mixing of thematerials. The materials are charged into the drum by loading skip. These mixers areavailable in the following capacities:
100 T, 140 T and 200 T
. The most common size of mixer is 200 T. It is a convenient size and permits a full bag batch of concrete of 1: 2: 4ratios. Speed of revolution/minute of mixers is 15-20.

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