Sub: Statistics Topic: Poisson Probability
The Homework solutions from Classof1 are intended to help students understand the approach to solving the problem and not forsubmitting the same in lieu of their academic submissions for grades.
The Poisson probability distribution, named after the French mathematician Siméon-Denis. Poisson isanother important probability distribution of a discrete random variable that has a large number of applications. Suppose a washing machine in a Laundromat breaks down an average of three times amonth. We may want to find the probability of exactly two breakdowns during the next month. This isan example of a Poisson probability distribution problem. Each breakdown is called an
inPoisson probability distribution terminology. The Poisson probability distribution is applied toexperiments with random and independent occurrences. The occurrences are random in the sensethat they do not follow any pattern, and, hence, they are unpredictable. Independence of occurrencesmeans that one occurrence (or nonoccurrence) of an event does not influence the successiveoccurrences or nonoccurrences of that event. The occurrences are always considered with respect toan interval. In the example of the washing machine, the interval is one month. The interval may be atime interval, a space interval, or a volume interval. The actual number of occurrences within aninterval is random and independent. If the average number of occurrences for a given interval isknown, then by using the Poisson probability distribution, we can compute the probability of a certainnumber of occurrences,
, in that interval. Note that the number of actual occurrences in an interval isdenoted by
.The following three conditions must be satisfied to apply the Poisson probability distribution.1.
is a discrete random variable.2. The occurrences are random.3. The occurrences are independent.