Panel Presentation: EnergyAuthor: Sam WilliamsonInstitution: University of BristolThe specification for the pico hydro systestakeholders. The key attributes the cho
Power: 1kW generation at 3.5m
Head range: 0.5 – 3.5m;
Modular design allowing unskille
Plug-and-play capability of a ge
Low cost.It is initially assumed converter betweentherefore the turbine will have to generat
Table 1 summarises the 7 main turbine t.
- Widely accepted use of turbineThis suggests that the most suitable typecommercially available turbines at low hecan be used at low heads , but thereare alternative selection criteria that are imay become more appropriate for the sitquantitative and qualitative analyses to sFollowing this methodology, a number of
Portability (Quantitative) – HowAssessed using a power density
Rated Flow Efficiency (Quantitati
Part Flow Efficiency (Qualitative)
Civil Works (Qualitative) – How
Modularity (Qualitative) – Whatidentification and servicing?
Maintainability and ServiceabilitThe scores from each of the analyses weexample set of combined results at 2.5m
EWB-UK National Resear
m was derived from the original project brief throughsen pico hydro system is to possess are as follows:head;d labour to diagnose faults and replace modules as reerator unit to form a network;the chosen turbine and the grid interface is approxime 1.3kW at 3.5m head.pes used over the different head ranges
Headh (>50m) Medium (10-50m)
ton, Turgo,ti-jet PeltonCrossflow, Turgo, Multi-jetPeltonFranciss at head ranges .for the above specification would be a propeller turbiads for pico hydro are propeller turbines. However, hire drawbacks with the size of the machine and speedimportant, such as cost, ease of manufacture or mainuation. To include these criteria here, a selection metelect a turbine type .priority criteria (type of criteria given in brackets) weeasy is the unit to transport in an area of limited tranfunction.ve) – What is the efficiency of the system at its rated– How does the system efficiency change when the f uch civil works need to be constructed to realise thmodules can the system be divided up into to aid tra(Qualitative) – How easy is it for unskilled labour toe combined at each of the different heads within thehead is shown in Figure 4.
h & Education Conference 2011
‘Our Global Future’
35discussions with projectquired;ately 75% efficient,
CrossflowFrancis, Propeller, Kaplanne, and indeed mostigh head impulse turbinesof rotation. Where theretainability, these turbineshod was devised usingre devised:sport infrastructure?conditions?low rate is less than rated?system?sportation, faultmaintain the system?range of 0.5m to 3.5m. An