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Chapter 4 Leadership

Chapter 4 Leadership

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Published by manojpatel51
these are the notes for the subject Indian management thoughts and practices.
these are the notes for the subject Indian management thoughts and practices.

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Published by: manojpatel51 on Mar 14, 2009
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01/08/2013

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CHAPTER – IV
LEADERSHIP
LEADERS ARE BORN & MADE….
Leadership is the ability to articulate a vision, embracethe values of the vision and nurture an environment where everyone can reach the organizations goal andtheir own personal needs. Leadership is anindescribable ability based on concrete principles and atool that anyone can learn that helps guides anorganization or group of people in a beneficial directionor to a valuable destination. The ability to get work done with and through others, while at the same time winning their confidence respect,loyalty and willing cooperation. Before we get started,let’s define leadership. Leadership is a complex processby which a person influences others to accomplish amission, task, or objective and directs the organizationin a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. Aperson carries out this process by applying herleadership attributes (belief, values, ethics, character,knowledge, and skills). The complete definition highlights the differencebetween simply managing and being a leader. Goodleaders are made not born. If you have the desire and will power, you can become an effective leader; Good
 
leaders develop through a never-ending process of self-study, education, training and experience. There is very little evidence that the so-called “naturallybornleader really exists. Continuing and ongoingstudies are showing that the concept of a “natural born”leader has little merit. One reason for this error may bethat people often mistake “charisma” for leadership. It istrue that some leaders possess a great amount ocharisma. However, many leaders do not. In realityleaders are not born, they are forged by many factors.Some factors that often forge effective leadership traitsare education, preparation, experience and opportunity. To inspire your people into higher levels of teamwork,there are certain things you must know and, do. Thesedo not come naturally, but are acquired throughcontinual work and study. The best leaders arecontinually working and studying to improve theirleadership skills. Although your position as a manager,supervisor, lead, etc. gives you the authority toaccomplish certain tasks and objectives in theorganization this power does not make you a leader…. Itsimply makes you the boss. Leadership makes people want to achieve high goals and objectives, while on theother hand, bosses tell people to accomplish a task orobjective.Bass’s theory of leadership states that there are threebasic ways to explain how people become leaders. Thefirst two explain the leadership development for a smallnumber of people. These theories are: Some personality
 
traits may lead people naturally into leadership roles. This is the Trait Theory.A crisis of important event may cause a person to rise tothe occasion, which brings out extraordinary leadershipqualities in an ordinary person. This is the GreatEvents Theory.People can choose to become leaders. People can learnleadership skills. This is the TransformationalLeadership Theory. It holds that, contrary to popularbelief, no one is born a leader but some people do havecertain abilities that predispose them to developing intoa leader like public speaking, and many other skills,leadership can be learned and developed. While there isno agreed list of qualities that make a good leader anddifferent leadership styles suit different situations. It isthe most widely accepted theory today. Born leaders arethe ones who have inborn qualities of a leader. Whereas, in case of made leader, it is often a mentor whoshapes a leader.E.g.
Born Leader:
Dhirubhai Ambani, JRD Tata, Bal Thackeray, Dalai Lama, Shivaji Maharaj, Indira Gandhi,Gandhiji, Alexander, Shree Ram.
Made Leader:
KM Birla, IK Gujral, the great NarayanMurthy, Swami Vivekanand.

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