Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Bio Control Lecture

Bio Control Lecture

Ratings: (0)|Views: 78|Likes:
Published by dars23

More info:

Published by: dars23 on Mar 14, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/10/2014

pdf

text

original

 
1
DefinitionDefinition
Cook and Baker 1984Cook and Baker 1984
Biological control is the reduction of theamount of inoculum or disease producing activityof a pathogen accomplished by or through oneor more organisms other than man.
Kinds of Biological Control
ClassicalClassical –self sustainingAugmentativeAugmentative –periodic introduction tosupplement natural reproductionInnudativeInnudative –mass introduction of biocontrolagent
Mechanisms of Biological ControlMechanisms of Biological Controlof Plant Pathogensof Plant Pathogens
Via ‘antagonists’:Substrate or Site CompetitionAntibiosisParasitismVia weak or attenuated pathogens:HypovirulenceCross Protection
 
Currently Registered BiopesticidesCurrently Registered Biopesticides
Bacterial antagonists:
Agrobacterium radiobacter 
Galltrol/Nogall
Bacillus 
spp.: CompanionHiStickN/TKodiakSerenadeYieldShield
Burkholderia cepacia 
DenyIntercept
Pseudomonas 
spp. BioJectSpot-LessBio-saveBlightBan
Streptomyces 
spp. Mycostop
 
2
Fungi antagonists:
Ampelomyces quisqualis 
AQ10
Candida oleophila 
Aspire
Coniothyrium minitans 
Contans WGIntercept WG
Myrothecium verrucaria( 
killed) DiTera
Trichoderma 
spp.&
Gliocaldium 
spp. PlantshieldRootshieldSoilgardPrimastopPlant Activators:Bacterial protein MessengerSynthetic chemicals Actigard
Currently Registered BiopesticidesCurrently Registered Biopesticides
 
Epidemiological conceptsEpidemiological conceptsand biological controland biological control
Oregon State Inoculated Fire Blight Trials 1991-2007
020406080100
   B   l   i  g    h  t   B  a  n  A  5  0  6  A  5  0  6    E  C   P  - o  r  A  p  r   X  -   B   l   i  g    h  t   B  a  n  A  5  0  6 +  S e  q   u e  s  t  r e  n e  1  3  8   (    F e   E   D   D   H  A   )   B   l   i  g    h  t   B  a  n  C  9  -  1  C  9  -  1  p   l  u  s  A  5  0  6  C  9  -  1  p   l  u  s   A  5  0  6   E  C   P  - o  r   A  p  r   X  -   C  9  -  1  +  A  5  0  6   E  C   P  -   t   h e  n   C  9  -  1 +  A  5  0  6    E  C   P  -  +   F e   E   D   D   H  A   M  y c o  s   h   i e   l  d   (  o  x  y  t e  t  r  a c  y c   l   i  n e   )  A  g   r   i  s  t  r e  p   1   7  (   s  t  r e  p  t o  m  y c   i  n   )   B   l   i  g    h  t   B  a  n  A  5  0  6   p   l  u  s    F e   E   D   D   H  A o  n c e  t   h e  n    M  y c o  s   h   i e   l  d   C  9  -  1  p   l  u  s   A  5  0  6   A  p  r   X  -  o  n c e   t   h e  n    M  y c o  s   h   i e   l  d 
   R  e   l  a   t   i  v  e   D   i  s  e  a  s  e   I  n  c   i   d  e  n  c  e
26 6 13 20 23 18 9 23 40 8 8
Antibioticstandards
Water control
Biologicaltechologies
Integrated
No. of orchard trials:
17 years
 
Festival of Enthusiasms in BiologicalFestival of Enthusiasms in BiologicalControlControl
‘Effective biocontrol requires massive antagonist introduction’
‘Biocontrol is overwhelmed by high pathogen populations’
‘Biocontrol does not perform well in variable environments’
Estes Park, COEstes Park, CONovember 1992November 1992
 
3
100%
Amount of inoculum(X)
   D   i  s  e  a  s  e   i  n  c   i   d  e  n  c  e  o  r  s  e  v  e  r   i   t  y   (   Y   )
0%
Y = 1 e
-
x
Most common pathogen dose/ disease response relationship
Question of the day:If disease can be described as a functionof pathogen dose,can biocontrol be defined as a function ofantagonist dose ?
 
XX
ii
/X = 1/X = 1 – –ee
--
zz
11--XX
ii
/X =/X =ee
--
zz
Proportion of pathogeninoculum rendered ineffectiveProportion of pathogeninoculum
remaining remaining 
effective
Efficiency constantDensity of biocontrol agent
Next Step:
Define observed plant disease as a functionof the density of the biocontrol agent
Y = 1 e
-
xee
--
zz

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->